Frequently Asked Questions

Computer Accounts

To change your LPL password from a Solaris or Linux system, use Secure Shell (SSH) to login to shell.lpl.arizona.edu and issue the UNIX passwd command, as follows:

  • Open a Terminal window

    • Right-click on your desktop

    • Left-click on Open Terminal in the pop-up menu

  • In the Terminal window that appears, type this command: ssh your-LPL-username@shell.lpl.arizona.edu (where you replace your-LPL-username with your LPL username)

  • Type your LPL password.

  • Press Return or Enter. This should log you in to shell.lpl.arizona.edu. You should see a banner and command-line prompt that looks like this: shell:/home/your-LPL-username %

  • Now type the UNIX passwd command: shell:/home/your-LPL-username % passwd You will see two lines displayed: passwd: Changing password for your-LPL-username Enter existing login password:

  • Enter your current password (it will not display) and hit return.

  • Then enter your new password (it will not display) and hit return.

  • Then reenter your new password (it will not display) and hit return. You should then see the command-line prompt.

  • Then logout by typing the UNIX exit command: shell:/home/your-LPL-username % exit logout Connection to shell closed.

If you do not already have a Secure Shell (SSH) Client installed on your PC, click here to learn how to download, install, and test Secure Shell.

To use SSH from your Windows PC to change your LPL password, follow these instructions:

  • Double Click the "Secure Shell Client" icon (white with blue bubbles) on your desktop.

  • Click Quick Connect.

  • Fill in the fields as follows: Host Name: shell.lpl.arizona.edu User Name: your-LPL-username

  • Click Connect. You might be presented with a "Host Identification" window announcing that you are connecting to shell for the first time. This notice only appears the first time you connect to a particular host if you save the key.

  • If you see such a prompt, click Yes. A window titled "Enter Password" will appear.

  • Type your login password into the "Password:" window.

  • Click OK.

  • Type your password.

  • Press Return or Click OK or Connect. This should log you in to shell.lpl.arizona.edu. You should see a command-line prompt that looks like this: shell:/home/your-LPL-username %

  • You can then issue the UNIX passwd command: shell:/home/your-LPL-username % passwd You will see two lines displayed: passwd: Changing password for your-LPL-username Enter existing login password:

  • Enter your current password (it will not display) and hit return.

  • Then enter your new password (it will not display) and hit return.

  • Then reenter your new password (it will not display) and hit return. You should then see the command-line prompt.

  • Then logout by issuing the UNIX exit command: shell:/home/your-LPL-username % exit logout Connection to shell closed.

To change your LPL password from a Mac system,
use Secure Shell (SSH) to login to shell.lpl.arizona.edu
and issue the UNIX passwd command, as follows:

  • Open a Terminal window

    • Type command-N (hold down the propellor key and press the N key)

    • Click Applications (left side of the new finder window that appears)

    • Double-Click on Utilities (you may need to scroll down)

    • Double-Click on Terminal

  • Type this command in the Terminal window that appears: ssh your-LPL-username@shell.lpl.arizona.edu (where you replace your-LPL-username with your LPL username)

  • Type your LPL password.

  • Press Return or Enter. This should log you in to shell.lpl.arizona.edu. You should see a command-line prompt that looks like this: shell:/home/your-LPL-username %

  • Now type the UNIX passwd command: shell:/home/your-LPL-username % passwd You will see two lines displayed: passwd: Changing password for your-LPL-username Enter existing login password:

  • Enter your current password (it will not display) and hit return.

  • Then enter your new password (it will not display) and hit return.

  • Then reenter your new password (it will not display) and hit return. You should then see the command-line prompt.

  • Then logout by typing the UNIX exit command: shell:/home/your-LPL-username % exit logout Connection to shell closed.

To change your LPL password:

  • 1. Choose a strong password that you have not used elsewhere.
    < >A strong password is at least 8 characters long, containing a mix of:

    Lowercase letters [a-z]

    Uppercase letters [A-Z]

    Numerals [0-9]

    Non-alphanumeric characters (!@#$%^&*()_+|~{}[]:";'<>,.?/)

    A bad password is:

    A word that is found in a dictionary (regardless of language).

    Your birthday, phone number, address, license plate, relative's name, etc.

    Identical to your computer id or your name.

    Words or names from Sci-Fi or fantasy books or movies.

    2. Use Secure Shell (SSH) to login to shell.lpl.arizona.edu and run the UNIX passwd command.

    • Mac users, click here for details.
    • Windows users, click here for details.
    • Solaris or Linux users, click here for details.

Contact LCS Support to have your password reset: LPL Central Computing Systems Support

After it is reset, LCS staff will call you, tell you the new password, and ask you to change it to a password that only you know.

To obtain an LPL computer account, send email to sys or come by SS-201.

All employees & students at LPL as well as others affiliated with LPL programs may use LCS resources.

Computer Facilities

  1. Login as lpluser (no password) to the Windows 2000 PC in Room 331. 
  2. Use Explorer to create a new folder under C:\users\yourname. 
  3. Double-click on the HP Precision Scan Pro 3.01 icon. 
  4. Place the first page of your lecture notes in the upper-right corner of the HP ScanJet 7400C's glass bed (face-down) and close the lid. 
  5. Click Scan -> New Scan. 
  6. Wait for the lamp to warm up (one minute). 
  7. Use the mouse to outline the area of the scanned page that you wish to record. 
  8. Click Scan -> Save As. 
  9. Navigate to c:\temp. 
  10. Save the image as a PDF file (e.g., yourfile.pdf). 
  11. Lift the scanner lid, replace page 1 with page 2, and close the lid. 
  12. Click Scan in the "Scan another page into current document" pop-up. 
  13. Repeat steps 11 and 12 until you've scanned all pages. 
  14. Click Done in the "Scan another page into current document" pop-up. 
  15. Click Scan -> Exit. 
  16. Use Secure File Transfer to upload the files to your LPL home directory. 
  17. Delete your pdf files from c:\temp on the PC.

LCS Unix Workstations, MACs, and Windows PCs can be found in rooms 331 and 429a. The Unix Workstations are Sun machines running Solaris with common administration of usernames & passwords.

Our various Macintosh systems run the latest release of MacOS availabe for the individual systems. Most systems have the Microsoft Office site (Word, Excel, PowerPoint) as well as Apple iWorks installed. The PCs typically run Windows XP or Windows 7. All are connected to the network and have access to the Unix filesystems, printers and other network tools such as Secure Shell and Secure File Transfer.

Some of the computational resources at LPL are not part of LCS. These autonomous systems provide direct support for our many research and instructional groups. The policies governing their use are independent of LCS. LCS resources are characterized by their general availability to all LPL faculty, students, and staff members and are not specifically dedicated to particular uses (e.g. Business Office, Academic Office). When in doubt regarding the ownership of a computational resource, consider its location, and feel free to consult LCS Staff.

The usage for several licensed sofware packages served from our central license server can be found here

LPL's High Performance Astrophysics Simulator (HiPAS) is a 108-node (504-cpu) cluster. 
The cluster is available to various groups in the department with users who have purchased equipment having precedence on their nodes.

The UITS High Performance Computing is a research resource, intended for testing and running large codes, parallel-processing codes, visualization and scientific applications. Accounts are available for all University faculty for the purpose of research. Faculty members can sponsor accounts for members of the University community doing research (staff, students, visiting scholars). These central resources including shared memory, highly parallel and high throughput systems.

A wide range of software is available on various servers. Some of the more useful software included on most systems include ITT's IDL, Matlab, MS Office suite (through the MS Campus agreement) and Apple iWorks suite. For information on a specific package, please contact sys.

Click here to access the LPL public ftp site: LPL FTP Site

You can upload a file to the site by going to the pub/incoming folder. If you are using a browser to upload, click File->Upload File. If you are using a command-line window to connect to the ftp site, login as anonymous with your email address as password, cd pub/incoming, and use the "put" command to upload the file; 

You can download files from the site by going to pub/lpl/. If you are using a browser to download, click the file of your choice to start the download. If you are using a command -line window to connect to the ftp site, login as anonymous with your email addr ess as password, cd pub/lpl/, and use the "get" command to download a file. 

Files that have been uploaded to the incoming folder can be accessed from shell in the /ftp/pub/incoming directory. 

If you would like to create a directory from which the public may download files, please contact LCS Support. 

There are black-and-white and color printers for LPL public use in Kuiper Space Sciences room 331.

Location Queue Name(s) Printer Type Output Type IP Address
Room 331 hp4300-331 / hp4300-331-dup black-white single-sided / duplex 150.135.109.237
Room 331 hp4600-331 / hp4600-331-dup color single-sided / duplex 150.135.110.8
Room 331 hp3525-331 / hp3525-331-dup color single-sided / duplex 150.135.108.169
Room 444 (hall) hp3525-444 / hp3525-444-dup color single-sided / duplex 150.135.108.103

To print duplex from a Solaris machine, use the appropriate -dup queue. To print duplex from a Windows PC, use the Print/Print Setup/Print Preview GUI to select double-sided printing.

The Windows-PC in room 331 has an attached flatbed scanner & OCR software for digitizing paper documents.

Other centralized peripherals are located in the main LCS computer room and support offices (444/446). They are attached to Unix servers. For more information on these devices, please contact sys.

Computer Systems Support

To get help in an emergency, please call or visit the LPL Central Computing Systems Staff at: 
Joe Gotobed Cell (520) 631-2138 Room SS-440
John Pursch Cell (520) 631-2200 Room SS-201

If it's not an emergency, please send email to the Systems Help Email Hot Line sys .

Please send email to the Systems Help Email Hot Line sys .

Desktop Environments

  1. Login as lpluser (no password) to the Windows 2000 PC in Room 331. 
  2. Use Explorer to create a new folder under C:\users\yourname. 
  3. Double-click on the HP Precision Scan Pro 3.01 icon. 
  4. Place the first page of your lecture notes in the upper-right corner of the HP ScanJet 7400C's glass bed (face-down) and close the lid. 
  5. Click Scan -> New Scan. 
  6. Wait for the lamp to warm up (one minute). 
  7. Use the mouse to outline the area of the scanned page that you wish to record. 
  8. Click Scan -> Save As. 
  9. Navigate to c:\temp. 
  10. Save the image as a PDF file (e.g., yourfile.pdf). 
  11. Lift the scanner lid, replace page 1 with page 2, and close the lid. 
  12. Click Scan in the "Scan another page into current document" pop-up. 
  13. Repeat steps 11 and 12 until you've scanned all pages. 
  14. Click Done in the "Scan another page into current document" pop-up. 
  15. Click Scan -> Exit. 
  16. Use Secure File Transfer to upload the files to your LPL home directory. 
  17. Delete your pdf files from c:\temp on the PC.

Click here to access Mac OS user tutorials, helpful tips, and guides to the control panel and features: Mac Tips

0. If you don't have WinZip installed on your PC:

Download WinZip from the LPL FTP Site and install it.

2. Order X-Win32 from the UA CATS X-Win32 Purchase Page.

Fill out the registration form, visit the LPL Business Office to have an IRB form completed, fax both forms to CATS (using the phone number on the registration form), and send the forms by campus mail to CATS (using the addressee on the registration form).

3. Download X-Win32.

When you receive email from CATS containing the download website and your software registration key, follow the instructions in the email to download X-Win32.

5. Install X-Win32.

6. Configure X-Win32.

Click Start->Programs->Xwin32_5.2->XConfig.
  Click the Sessions tab.
   Click Add.
   Select XDMCP.
   Click Next.
   Enter a Session Name (you invent this) and
           Hostname (to which you wish to connect).
   Click Save.
 Click the Window tab.
   Select Single.
   Click OK.
 Click the Security tab.
   Click Add.
   Enter the IP address of the host to which you wish to connect.
   Click Apply.
   Click OK.

7. Use X-Win32 to connect to a UNIX host.

Click Start->Programs->Xwin32_5.2->X-Win32.
Click the X in the upper left corner.
Pull down to Sessions.
Pull down to the hostname to which you wish to connect.

Right-click on the background in CDE (Common Desktop Environment). 
Click Tools->Print Manager->View->Select Printers to Show. 
Click on one of the printers in the list (Hidden or Shown). 
Click Set Default. 
Click Apply. 
Click OK.

  • Right-click on the background.
  • Click Applications->Snapshot.
  • Click the radio button next to Snap Type: Screen.
  • Click Snap. After a moment, a big window will open that has an image of the desktop.
    This can be a bit disconcerting, as this big window looks exactly like a smaller version of the full screen.
  • Along the top of that window's menu bar, click File->Print. A print window will open.
    Click Print or Print Preview in that window. You'll probably need to play with the several
    Image Viewer options before you get a printout you like.

If you are running Windows 2000 or Windows XP, you can add a network printers as follows:

  1. Find the name or ip address of the printer you wish to add.

    The printers in room 331 are called hp4600-331 and hp4300-331.

    The HP-4500 color printer in room 509H is called hp4500-509h.
    You need to refer to these two printers by their IP addresses instead of by their names when adding them.

    The IP address for hp4500-509h is 150.135.109.28 .
    The IP address for hp4300-331 is 150.135.109.237 .

  2. Find the type of the printer you wish to add.

    Some popular public printers are:
    hp4300-331: HP 4300 LaserJet
    hp4600-331: HP 4600 LaserJet

    To find the names/types of other network printers, look at the front of the printer, check the printer manual, or login to an lpl solaris machine (e.g., shell), and issue this command: "cat /etc/printers.conf".

  3. Login as administrator or a user in the administrator group.

  4. Add the printer using HP JetDirect, which comes pre-installed with Windows 2000 and Windows XP.

    Click Settings -> Printers -> Add Printer.
    Click Next.
    Click Local printer.
    (Yes, you click "local" to add a network printer using HP JetDirect.)

    Unclick "look for plug-n-play device".
    (This is a rough paraphrase.)
    Click Create a new port.
    Click Standard TCP/IP port.
    Click Next.

    Type the printer name in first field.
    For hp4300-331, hp4500-509h, and hp2200-525, enter the printer's IP address instead.

    The second field will fill in automatically.

    Click Next and wait a moment for the driver selection screen to come up.

    Select the printer manufacturer (e.g., HP).
    Select the printer model, or the closest matching entry.
    For hp2200-525, use HP Laserjet 2100 Series PS as the printer model.
    For hp4500-509h, use HP Laserjet 4500 Series PS as the printer model.

    Windows will find and load the correct printer driver, which is usually already on the c:/ drive.

    Click Next.
    Click No.
    Click Do not share.
    Click Yes.
    Click Finish.
    Click OK.

Open the Print & Fax application from System Preferences.

Press the + button to add a printer.

From the top of the window, press the IP button.

Enter the following:
Protocol: HP Jetdirect - Socket
Address:  hp3525-331.lpl.arizona.edu

At this point, the application should be able to connect to the printer and fill out  the Print Using option.  If you want to change the Name field, you can put any text in the field.

Press the Add button.

Now repeat the above with hp4300-331.

You may want to modify the default settings to enable options like duplex mode.

If you are running Redhat Linux, you can add a network printers as follows:

  1. Find the IP address of the printer that you wish to add.

    To find the printer's IP address, ping it by name from a Linux shell window.

    The printers in room 331 are called hp4300-331 and hp4600-331.

    The HP-4500 color printer in room 509H is called hp4500-509h.

  2. Login as root.

  3. Add the printer.

    To add an LPL printer to a Redhat linux machine:
     
    If using the gnome GUI:
    Click foot->programs->system->printer configuration.
    If using kde:
     
    Regardless of GUI type, proceed with:
    Click New.
    Click Next.
    Click the radio button next to JetDirect Printer JETDIRECT.
    Enter the name of the printer in Queue Name window.
    Click Next.
    Enter the printer's IP address in the Printer IP window.
    Click Next.
    Click Postscript Printer (top of list).
    Click Next.
    Click Finish.
    Click Apply.
    Click the row for the new printer in the list of printers.
    Click Test->US Letter Postscript Testpage.
     
    To add a PIRL printer to a Redhat linux machine:
     
    If using the gnome GUI:
    Click Foot_or_Redhat->Programs->System->Printer Configuration.
    If using KDE:
    Click K->System->Printer Configuration.
     
    Regardless of GUI type, proceed with:
    Click New.
    Click Next.
    Click radio button next to Unix Printer LPD.
    enter name of printer in Queue Name window.
    Click Next.
    type pirlprinters in Server window.
    type name of printer in Queue window.
    Click Next.
    Click Postscript Printer (top of list).
    Click Next.
    Click Finish.
    Click Apply.
    Click the row for the new printer in the list of printers.
    Click Test->US Letter Postscript Testpage.

1) Download GhostScript
Go to ftp://ftp.lpl.arizona.edu/pub/lpl/pc_utils/win/

download gs800w32.exe and gsv43w32.exe to your desktop
(double-click and choose save, or right-click copy and paste).

2) Install GhostScript
Double click on the files you downloaded.

3) Copy the icons to your Desktop
click start->programs->ghostgum->gs view 4.3
right-click on gsview 4.3, send to desktop

4) Run the program
double-click on gsview 4.3 icon on desktop
click ok
click file
browse to the .ps file that you wish to display

1) Make a shortcut to Windows Explorer on your Desktop:
    * Click Start->Programs->Accessories.
    * Right-click Explorer.
    * Click Send To->Desktop.

2) Right-click the new Explorer shortcut icon, and select
Properties.

3) Change the Target field
    from %SystemRoot%\explorer.exe
      to %SystemRoot%\explorer.exe /e,path

    (where "path" is the directory you want Explorer to open in,
including the drive.)

    For example, to open automatically in c:\bob\dobbs, add
" /e,c:\bob\dobbs" (no quotes) to the Target field.

4) You can have several Explorer shortcuts on your desktop, each
opening to a different directory.

The two Windows Terminal Servers, called ts1.lpl.arizona.edu and ts3.lpl.arizona.edu, are computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system. These servers are available for use from remote machines. This allows users who may have another machine on their desktop the ability to run applications which are only available on Windows machines. 

Current software installed includes:

Program TS1 Terminalserver2 TS3
Adobe Bridge   X CS3
Adobe Designer   v7.0  
Adobe Distiller   v 7.0 v 8.0
Adobe GoLive   CS2  
Adobe ImageReady   CS2  
Adobe Illustrator   CS2  
Adobe InDesign   CS2  
Adobe Photoshop   CS2  
Adobe Reader 8.0 X X X
CorelDRAW Graphics Suite X3 X X X
CutePDF X X X
Cygwin X X X
EndNote X X X
Firefox X X X
Ghostgum X X X
Ghostscript X X X
Gtk+ X X X
Macromedia Contribute   v 3 CS3
Macromedia Dreamweaver   v 8.0 CS3
Macromedia Fireworks   v 8.0 CS3
Macromedia Flash   v 8.0  
Macromedia Flash Video Encoder   v 8.0  
Macromedia Flash Player   v 8.0  
Maple 11   X  
Mathematica   v 5.2 v 6.0
MATLAB R2007b X X X
OfficePro 2003 X X X
OpenOffice.org 2.0   X  
PDF Creator X X X
Picasa 2 X X X
Pidgin X X X
PuTTy X X X
QuickTime Player X X X
RealPlayer   X  
RGA 3.0 X X X
SciFinder Scholar 2006 X X X
Scion Image X X X
SPSS 15.0 X X X
SRIM 2006 X X X
SSH   X  
Starry Night   X  
Thunderbird X X X
WinEdt X X X
WinRAR X X X
WinSCP 3 X X X
 

If there is a package you would like to have considered for installation, send a note to sys. 

Unix - Suns, including SunRays, and Linux:

Connect using the "rdesktop" program. Generally useful options include:

  • -r sound:local redirect sound to local machine
  • -a 16 set color bit depth of display 8|15|16|24
  • -f run in full screen mode
  • -g 1024x768 set the display geometry to 1024x768

A typical command might be:

rdesktop -a 16 -g 1024x768 -r sound:local ts1.lpl.arizona.edu
or
rdesktop -a 16 -g 1024x768 -r sound:local ts3.lpl.arizona.edu

Macs

Microsoft's Remote Desktop Connection is installed on many of the LPL Macs, or is available from http://www.microsoft.com/mac/ under Downloads. Running the RDC program asks for the name of the remote computer, here that would be ts1.lpl.arizona.edu or ts3.lpl.arizona.edu, and clicking the Options tab will allow the user to set options, such as display size, and sound handling.

Other Windows Boxes

To connect to the terminal server from a PC running Windows:

Select Start
Select All Programs
Select Accessories
Select Communications
Select Remote Desktop Connection

The program will ask for the name of the remote machine to which to connect; here it would be ts1.lpl.arizona.edu or ts3.lpl.arizona.edu. When you log into the terminal servers, under any enviroment, it will prompt you for a user name and password. Make sure you are on the AD domain and proceed to enter your AD Username/Password combination. In addition, the Options button can be use to set options such as the display size and sound control. 

If set up correctly in the remote desktop program, either by the correct option on the command line, or by selection the correct option menues, sound from the terminal server should be delivered to the local machine (the one you are sitting in front of). If the connection is correct, you should hear the normal Windows chimes when you log into the terminal server.

Control of the volume is primarily done on the local machine, but some control is also done on the remote machine. For instance, to select the audio to come from the headphone jack on a SunRay, use the Solaris Audio Control option under CDE Applications and select Headphones. On a PC or Mac, use the normal audio controls. 

The configurations for the different servers can be found in the following table

Machine IP Model Serial Warranty
Expiration
Processor OS Memory Disk Space/
Space Available
 
Bebop 150.135.109.8 Penguin 
Altus 1000E
P0430023 07/31/2007 Opteron 2 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
64-bit
1GB 74/68 AD Domain Contrller
Bizserv 150.135.111.49 Gateway 
E-9522R
0039031800 04/16/2010 Opteron 1.8 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
64-bit
2GB C-30/15 
D-37/25
Academic and Business office file server 
Roamin g Profiles for Business/Academic Office
Equatracsrv 150.135.110.215 Gateway 
E-2100
0034672730 12/21/2007 Celeron 2.6 Ghz Server 2003
Standard
512MB 34/29 Equitrac Office
Improv 150.135.111.106 Sunfire 
X2100
0623FU2009   Opteron 2.21 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
64-bit
1GB 74/68 AD Domain Controller
Libsrv 150.135.111.96 Gateway 
E-9422R
0039031797 05/14/2010 Opteron 2.8 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
64-bit
8GB 68/59 Library World data files and llS
Maddox 150.135.111.41 Gateway 
E-9525R
0038656216 01/30/2010 Xeon 1.6 Ghz Server 2003
Standard
1GB C-50/40 
X-347/275
AD File Server
Mozart 150.135.109.126 Penguin 
Altus 1000E
P0430007 07/31/2007 Opteron 2 Ghz Server 2003
Standard
1GB 74/51 AD Domain Contrller,Sophos
Phxad 128.196.60.9       Opteron 2.39 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
64-bit
2GB 279/272 PHXADS Domain Controller
Sciad 128.196.61.50 Sunfire     Opteron 2.59 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
64-bit
8GB 67/58 PHXADS Domain Controller
TS1 150.135.110.241 Gateway 975 0034968157 03/02/2008 Xeon 3.06 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
3GB C-34/29 
D-68/68
AD Terminal Server
TS3 150.135.111.122 Gateway 
E-9522R
0039031799 04/06/2010 Dual-Core
Opteron 1.8 Ghz
Server 2003
Enterprise R2
2GB 67/61 AD Terminal Server

The SunRays are thin client machines which provide a display and input interface (keyboard and mouse) to a SunRay server system. Currently the LPL SunRay server is running Solaris and is called wanachenee.lpl.arizona.edu. The SunRays also provide:

  • Audio output to build in speaker and/or headphones
  • Security via use of a SmartCard, such as a CATS card
  • Local access to USB flash drives

Sound

Many programs will work with the default audio setup from the SunRays, using the builtin speaker. For other programs, which expect to use the Unix device /dev/audio, may need to be explicitly given the output device $AUDIODEV. For example: play -d $DEVAUDIO sound.wav.

The audio is controled by the Audio Control tool. This tool should be available from the desktop. If using CDE, right click on the desktop, choose Applications and select the Audio Control option. This control panel allows the user to set the output volume as well as location (the Master Outputmay appear grayed out, but it should still function).

SmartCard

As a security measure, the SunRays can use a SmartCard to allow access to a session. The UofA CAT Card has a SmartCard chip which can be used with the SunRays. By inserting a CAT Card into the slot on the SunRay only that user can access a session. By pulling out the card, the session is disconnected. The user can then go to another SunRay, insert the card into that system, and re-establish the same connection. (Or come back to the original system, eg. after lunch.) Meanwhile another user can use the same SunRay for another session.

A SmartCard is not required to use the SunRay. It simply provides another level of security (a user needs both the account/password, as well as the card) as well as more functionallity (the ability to "move" a session to a new SunRay).

USB Flash Drives

The use of USB flash drives, aka pen drives, aka thumb drives, aka those little do-dads, can easily be use with the SunRays. Simply inserting the drive into one of the USB connectors on the back of the unit, the disk should be mounted on the SunRay server (wanachenee). The drive will be mounted with a name something like:

/tmp/SUNWut/mnt/username/volumename

The owner of the USB file system will be set to the owner of the current SunRay session.

Modifying Display Settings

The command to adjust the display parameters on the SunRays is /opt/SUNWut/bin/utxconfig. In particular, you can use the "-l" option to see the current settings and "-r WIDTHxHEIGHT" options to modify the settings. (setenv MANPATH /opt/SUNWut/man; man utxconfig for more info)

Changes will only restart once the X-server restarts. That means that you at least need to log off on the SunRay. You might need to reboot.

To connect to the LPL Windows terminal server from a Sun Ray client, use /usr/local/bin/rdesktop. To specify the geometry so that your local window manager will control the window and allow me to minimize the connection, issue the following UNIX command: rdesktop -g 1024x768 -a 16 -r sound:local terminalserver

The /opt/SUNWut directory is where the SunRay server stuff lives, so, in a pinch, that's a good place to look for answers.

Click Edit->Preferences->Advanced->Cache. 
Click "Clear Disk Cache" and "Clear Memory Cache". 
Click the appropriate button so that document in cache is compared to document on network once per session. 
Click OK. 
Click Edit->Preferences->Advanced. 
Uncheck the box next to "Warn me before accepting a cookie". 
Click OK. 

On LPL Solaris machines, Netscape 7 can be started by typing this command:

/opt/lpl/bin/netscape7 

Please contact John Pursch and let him know you would like to join the domain. They will provide further instructions.

Email and WebMail

You may access your UAConnect mail and calendars securely via by clicking here (http://uaconnect.arizona.edu).

Initial Start-up 

When you start PC-Pine for the first time, the program will prompt you for certain information. That configuration data is written either to a configuration file on the IMAP server (the default) or to PC-Pine's configuration file (named PINERC in the directory you unpacked PC-Pine in), so you will not have to enter it every time. 

You should be prepared for the questions as PC-Pine can't really proceed without the answers. If you make an error in any of these entries, you can correct it in Pine's Setup/Config screen (type "S" then "C" from the Main Menu). 

Inbox 

When you read mail with PC-Pine, your mail is not delivered to your PC directly. Rather, email is delivered to an IMAP server which has been previously set up by your department/university/institution. When you first start PC-Pine, you need to specify where your INBOX is.
The syntax is this: {imap-server.domain}INBOX 
For most LPL users: {hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu}INBOX 

User-id 

This is the user-id part of your email address. 

Personal name 

Your name as you want it to appear on outgoing email. You may have spaces and punctuation in the name. 

Host/domain 

The "host" portion of your email address. This may be the full name of the computer where your inbox resides or your departmental or institutional domain if mail forwarding is set up. NOTE: You should not put the name of your PC as the answer to this question -- your PC is not where your INBOX resides. 

SMTP server 

Your PC does not have the software to interact with Internet email directly. It must rely on an SMTP server to actually send your message. You need to set this to the full name of the computer at your site which provides SMTP service. 

Example: Suppose the PC-Pine user is named "Joe User" and has the login/email address of "juser". At LPL, we take advantage of the general domain of "lpl.arizona.edu". He has set up his email so that email is delivered to his inbox on the machine "hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu". The main LPL Post Office's SMTP server is on the machine named "hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu". The PC running PC-Pine is on the campus network and is called "pc-joe". 

That person would answer PC Pine's configuration questions like this:
INBOX {hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu}INBOX
User-id juser
Personal Name Joe User
Host/domain lpl.arizona.edu
SMTP Server hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
 

Email coming from the account would look like this:
-------------- Sample Email -----------------
Date: Mon, 16 July 1993 08:45:43 -0700
From: Joe User < username@lpl.arizona.edu>
To: Pine Development Team < pine-bugs@cac.washington.edu>
Subject: My First Message
 

Local Support Files 

The Release Notes (Press "R" on the Main Menu) contain a section on Configuration, including default file names and environment variables. In brief, PC-Pine uses the following rules for finding config and support files: 

1. The location of the PINERC is searched for in the following order of precedence:
a. File pointed to by PINERC environment variable
b. $HOME\PINE\PINERC
c. A file named PINERC in the same directory as PINE.EXE 

2. The HOME environment variable, if not set, defaults to root of the current working drive. 

3. The default for most support files (e.g. PINE.SIG and ADDRBOOK) is the same directory as the PINERC file. 

4. The support files (PINE.HLP and PINE.NDX) must be in the same directory as PINE.EXE. 

Descriptions of these files follows: 

PINERC 

The Pine configuration file. It contains all of Pine's configuration information -- much more than just the essentials listed above. There are comments in the PINERC to help you out. Also, PC-Pine comes with a sample PINERC you can use as a model. See the release notes for this version (they are compiled into the program) for more details. 

ADDRBOOK 

Your Pine address book. All the tools you need to manage the address book are in Pine itself, so you shouldn't need to worry about this. 

PINE.SIG 

Your signature file. If this file exists, Pine will automatically insert it into every outgoing message. You can specify a different name for this file in the PINERC if you like. 

NEWSRC 

The NEWSRC is your subscription list for newsgroups. By default Pine will create this file in the same directory as your PINERC, but will recognize it in your $HOME directory as well. You can specify a different name for this file in the PINERC if you like. 

MAILCAP 

The MAILCAP file is not required by PC-Pine for normal operation, but is the configuration file that can be used to help PC-Pine deal with types and subtypes of MIME attachments it doesn't have builtin knowledge of. The MAILCAP file is automatically recognized in either the same directory as your PINERC or the same directory as PINE.EXE. You can specify a different MAILCAP file (or files) using the MAILCAPS environment variable which takes a semicolon delimited list of locations. A sample MAILCAP, MAILCAP.SAM, is included in the distribution to help get started. 

PC-Pine will search your PC's Registry database for attachment handling information that cannot be found in the MAILCAP file. 

MIMETYPE 

The MIMETYPE file is not required by PC-Pine for normal operation, but is the configuration file that can be used to help PC-Pine apply the proper MIME type and subtype information to attachments it sends. The MIMETYPE file's location is the same as that described for MAILCAP above. A sample MIMETYPE, MIMETYPE.SAM, is included in the distribution to help get started. 

PC-Pine will search your PC's Registry database for attachment handling information that cannot be found in the MIMETYPE file. 

Local Directory for Folders 

Another important directory to PC-Pine is the location for local mail folders. By default, PC-Pine will create the directory $HOME\MAIL to use as the directory to store mail you save to the local disk. If the $HOME environment variable is not defined, PC-Pine will assume the root of the current working drive. This location can be overridden by changing or adding "folder-collections" definitions in PC-Pine's Setup/Config screen. 

Common PC-Pine Installation Problems 

Configuration settings aren't being saved 

This problem can happen if you run pine from one directory and then decide to move your pine directory to another location. PC-Pine stores certain variables, including the configuration location, in the Windows Registry (which you shouldn't ever need to manually edit). There are a couple of ways to go about removing or resetting the values in the registry. 

1) Run PC-Pine's registry value deletion command. This can be done by running: "< your pine directory>\pine.exe -registry clear" from the DOS prompt. You could create a shortcut to pine.exe and change the "Target" value to the above command. 

2) Tell PC-Pine where to look for the configuration file. Configuration information is stored in a file called the PINERC. With the "-p PINERC" option, you can tell PC-Pine the location of your pinerc. An example of this would be to run: "< your pine directory>\pine.exe -p C:\pine\mypinerc". Again, you can use the DOS prompt or the shortcut method explained in (1). 

Additionally, there is the "-registry set" option, which will actively set registry values to the current setting, and is therefore useful with the "-p PINERC" option. 

Your LPL email client must use IMAP (not POP) in order for you to see your spam folders. If you are a POP user, please contact LPL Systems Staff to have your mail converted to IMAP, or to have your spam filter disabled. If you don't know what IMAP and POP are, contact LPL Systems Staff (or use google) to find out.

To access your spam folders in pine:
ssh to hindmost and run pine. You will see the almost-certainly-spam and probably-spam folders in your list of folders (from the Main Menu, type L to see the folder list).

Below are instructions for Mozilla Thunderbird, Netscape, and MS Outlook users. The procedure for other GUI mail clients is similar. If you need more help, please contact LPL Systems Staff.

To access your spam folders in Mozilla Thunderbird or Netscape Mail:

Click File->Subscribe

If your mail client is configured to find your folders under /home/yourusername/mail, you'll see entries for your spam folders in the list.

If not, you'll probably see an entry called mail.
Click on the little arrow next to that and you'll see two spam folder entries.

In either case:

Click on the dot to the right of each entry, changing it to a check mark.
Then click on each spam folder entry to highlight it.
Click the Subscribe button for each spam folder entry.
Click ok or apply then ok.
You should now see your spam folders in the folder list or under mail in the list.
You might need to minimize and maximize your folders list.
(Click - and + next to your imap tree on the mail client gui).

To access your spam folders in MS Outlook:

Click on Tools (top-center of the Outlook window).
Click on IMAP Folders.
Click on the All tab.
Click on the Query button.
Click the almost-certainly spam entry in the list.
Click on the Subscribe button.
Click on the probably-spam entry in the list.
Click on the Subscribe button.
Click Apply.
Click OK.
You should now see your spam folders in the folder list or under mail in the list.
You might need to minimize and maximize your folders list.
(Click - and + next to your imap tree on the mail client gui).

Thunderbird 3.0 is known to incorrectly modify existing secure outgoing mail settings the first time one sends a message. 
To fix this problem after upgrading, perform the following steps:

  • Start Thunderbird 3.0.
  • Click Write.
  • Compose a test message to yourself.
  • Click Send. If this fails, fix the problem as follows.
  • Click Tools -> "Account Settings" -> "Outgoing Server".
  • Click Edit.
  • In the "Server Name:" field, type hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • In the "Port:" field, change 25 to 587.
  • Check the box next to "Use name and password".
  • Type your LPL username in the "User Name:" field.
  • Do not check the box next to "Use secure authentication" (uncheck it).
  • In the list next to "Connection security:", select "STARTTLS".
  • Click OK.
  • Click OK.

Brief Explanation:

While a mail server may allow either secure connection (STARTTLS) or secure authentication, 
a mail server may not support both methods at the same time.

The Thunderbird 3.0 upgrade process modifies your existing settings to try to use both methods, which will not work. 
The above procedure configures your email client to use secure connection only, which the LPL mail server supports.

Instructions for Mail Systems Administrators

To help block spam, the LPL mail server filters incoming connections by checking the DNS (Domain Name Service) records of sending mail servers. Incoming connections are rejected from systems which have missing, incomplete, or conflicting DNS entries. To analyze and fix your mail server's DNS entries, follow the instructions on this page.

From a Linux, Unix, or DOS command line, use the nslookup command to check that the IP address for your outgoing mail server resolves to a hostname (do a reverse DNS lookup). For example, suppose your outgoing mail server's IP address is 150.135.111.1:

# nslookup 150.135.111.1 
Server: 150.135.109.216 
Address: 150.135.109.216#53

1.111.135.150.in-addr.arpa name = hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu.

In this example, the IP address resolves to the hostname hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu .

If your mail server's IP address does not resolve to a hostname, that is why your server's outgoing mail is being rejected by other servers.

If your mail server's IP address resolves to a hostname, then use nslookup to check that the hostname assigned to the IP address resolves to the same IP address (do a forward DNS lookup). Continuing the above example:

# nslookup hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu 
Server: 150.135.109.216 
Address: 150.135.109.216#53

Name: hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu Address: 150.135.111.1

In this example, the hostname hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu resolves to the same IP address, so its forward and reverse DNS entries match each other.

If the hostname resolves to the same IP address that you used in your first DNS lookup, your mail server's DNS configuration is correct. This is known as FCrDNS or full-circle reverse DNS or forward-confirmed reverse DNS.

If the hostname does not resolve to an IP address, or does not resolve to the same IP address, your mail server fails the FcRDNS check; that is why your server's outgoing mail is being rejected by other servers.

Click here for an explanation of how reverse DNS checks fit into best practices for email and network administration.

How to fix FCrDNS Issues

To fix the problem, the DNS records for your outgoing mail server need to be updated, so that:

  • The IP address of the mail server resolves to a hostname, and
  • That hostname resolves to the same IP address.

If you do not manage your own DNS server, you'll need to contact your Internet Service Provider (ISP) and ask the ISP to update their DNS records accordingly.

To help block spam, the LPL mail server filters incoming connections by checking the DNS (Domain Name Service) records of sending mail servers. Incoming connections are rejected from systems which have missing, incomplete, or conflicting DNS entries.

The sender then receives one of the following error messages:

  • Possibly forged hostname for ip-address-of-sending-mail-server
  • Fix reverse DNS for ip-address-of-sending-mail-server

Legitimate senders who receive such a message should send an email to sys (LPL Systems) (using another email account/ISP, like gmail), specifying the from-address that cannot send. LPL Systems staff will help diagnose and correct the problem.

Details for mail server administrators:

  • The IP address of the system which connects to deliver a message must resolve to a hostname, and that hostname must resolve to the same IP address. Otherwise, the connection is rejected.
  • Click here for detailed information and step-by-step instructions showing how to analyze and fix these problems.

To help block spam, the LPL mail server filters incoming connections by consulting the worldwide Spamhaus and Barracuda lists of known spammers. Incoming connections are rejected from any system listed in the Spamhaus or Barracuda databases.

The sender then receives one of the following error messages:

  • Rejected: ip-address-of-sending-mail-server listed at sbl-xbl.spamhaus.org
  • Rejected: ip-address-of-sending-mail-server listed at b.barracudacentral.org

Legitimate senders who receive such a message should send an email to sys (LPL Systems) (using another email account/ISP, like gmail), specifying the from-address that cannot send. LPL Systems staff will help diagnose and correct the problem.

Common Android network issues FAQ

Android applications (such as k9) have issues when switching between networks, such as 3g 4g and wifi.

Applications are not always as 'aware' of the network change as is expected and will hang, then respawn over the new route.

In the case of k9 mail client- this can result in a build up of imap processes server-side, and will eventually cause performance issues with mail delivery.

** K9 Workaround: Ensure k9 is up to date and configured with Push disabled.

*easiest action is to remove k9 and then reinstall k9 from the android market

*configure k9 settings using this FAQ: k-9 mail

*install advanced task killer from the android market: AdvancedTaskKiller

*after switching networks, (k9 lags) launch advanced task killer

*kill the k9 process*

*reload the k9 app from the icon

This will clean up the connection issues and allow for normal operations.

If your android k-9 mail is already configured with Push disabled as specified below, but k-9 is slow or not working click here.

The Android/Droid phone comes with a mail client program that cannot send mail using TLS. 
The popular (free) K-9 Mail application has TLS support and more.

Follow these instructions to download, install, and configure K-9 Mail to send and receive LPL mail:

  • Click the Applications tab at the bottom of your screen and select Market.
  • Click on the Magnifying Class icon in the upper right.
  • Type K9 in the search box and click the Magnifying Glass icon to search.
  • Click on K9 Mail and install it.
  • When it finishes, open the application list and select K9 Mail.
  • Enter your email account information.
    • Enter your LPL e-mail address in full (include @.lpl.arizona.edu).
    • Enter your password.
    • Click Next.
  • Enter the incoming server settings.
  • Enter your LPL username.
  • Enter your password.
  • Enter hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Choose SSL (always).
  • Choose PLAIN
  • Enter 993 for port.
  • Enter mail for IMAP path prefix.
  • Click Next.
  • Click Accept Key to accept the certificate.
  • Enter hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Select TLS (always)
  • Enter 587 for port.
  • Check Require sign-in.
  • Select PLAIN
  • Enter your LPL username.
  • Enter your password.
  • Enter the outgoing server settings.
  • Click Next.
  • Leave these settings as is. Click Next.
  • Enter a name for your account, e.g. LPL
  • Enter your full name.

Every folder you have on Push starts a separate imap process. 
A lot of people are having this problem worldwide, 
so disabling Push as follows is very important!

  • Click LPL.
  • Click Fetching mail.
  • Click Push folders.
  • Select None.
  • Click Poll folders.
  • Select Only 1st class folders.
  • Click Folder poll frequency.
  • Select 30 minutes.

You can also download K-9 Mail from google or from softpedia.

Here are instructions for configuring your LPL email client to securely send mail, using any of several popular email programs.

Thunderbird 2.x

  • Click Tools -> "Account Settings" -> "Outgoing Server".
  • Click Edit.
  • In the "Server Name:" field, type hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • In the "Port:" field, change 25 to 587.
  • Check the box next to "Use name and password".
  • Type your LPL username in the "User Name:" field.
  • Click the radio button next to "TLS".
  • Click OK.
  • Click OK.

Thunderbird 3.x - 8.x

  • Click Tools -> "Account Settings" -> "Outgoing Server".
  • Click Edit.
  • In the "Server Name:" field, type hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • In the "Port:" field, change 25 to 587.
  • In the list next to "Connection security:", select "STARTTLS".
  • In the list next to "Authentication method:", select "Normal password".
  • Type your LPL username in the "User Name:" field.
  • Click OK.
  • Click OK.

Mac Mail

  • Click Mail -> Preferences -> Accounts.
  • If you have more than one account, click once on the account that you'd like to configure.
  • If you already have an outgoing server configured for this account:
    • Click on that outgoing server entry (displayed to the right of "Outgoing Mail server (SMTP)").
    • Click Edit SMTP Server List in the pop-up menu.
    • Type hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu in the "Outgoing Mail Server (SMTP)" field.
    • Click "Advanced".
    • Click the radio button next to "Use custom port".
    • Type 587 in the "Use custom port" field.
    • Click the box next to "Use Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)".
    • Select "Password" in the list next to "Authentication".
    • Type your LPL username in the "User Name:" field.
    • Click OK.
  • If you do not yet have an outgoing server configured for this account:
  • Click on the word "None" (displayed to the right of "Outgoing Mail server (SMTP)").
  • Click Edit SMTP Server List in the pop-up menu.
  • Click the + button in the pop-up window.
  • Type LPL in the "Description" field.
  • Type hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu in the "Server Name" field.
  • Click "Advanced".
  • Click the radio button next to "Use custom port".
  • Type 587 in the "Use custom port" field.
  • Click the box next to "Use Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)".
  • Select "Password" in the list next to "Authentication".
  • Type your LPL username in the "User Name:" field (without @lpl.arizona.edu).
  • Click OK.
  • Click Show Certificate.
  • Click the box next to "Always Trust..."
  • Click Connect.
  • Type your Mac password to store the certificate in your Mac keychain.
  • Click OK.
  • The first time you send using Mac Mail, you will see a pop-up regarding security certificate.

Netscape

  • Click Edit.
  • Click "Mail & Newsgroup Account Settings".
  • In the list on the left margin of the window, click "Outgoing Server".
  • Type hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu in the "Server Name:" field.
  • Type 587 in the "Port:" field.
  • Click the box next to "Use name and password".
  • Type your LPL username in the "User Name:" field.
  • For "Use secure connection", click the radio button next to "When available".
  • In the list on the left margin of the window, click "Server Settings".
  • Click the box next to "Use secure connection (SSL)".
  • Click OK.

Outlook Express (Windows)

  • Click Tools -> Accounts -> Mail -> Properties -> Advanced.
  • Next to "Outgoing mail (SMTP)", change 25 to 587.
  • Check the box next to "This server requires a secure connection (SSL)".
  • Click Apply.
  • Click OK.
  • Click Properties -> Servers.
  • In the "Outgoing mail (SMTP):" field, type hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Under "Outgoing Mail Server", check the box next to "My server requires authentication".
  • Click Settings.
  • Click the radio button next to "Use same settings as my incoming mail server.
  • Do not check the box next to "Log on using Secure Password Authentication"
  • Click OK.
  • Click Apply.
  • Click OK.
  • Click Close.

Outlook 2007 (Windows)

  • Click Tools -> "E-mail Accounts".
  • Click the radio button next to "View or change existing e-mail accounts".
  • Click Next.
  • Highlight your LPL entry in the list.
  • Click Change.
  • Enter hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu next to "Outgoing mail server (SMTP)".
  • Click "More Settings".
  • Click the Advanced tab.
  • Next to "Outgoing mail (SMTP)", change 25 to 587.
  • Check the box next to "This server requires a secure connection (SSL).
  • Click OK.
  • Click "More Settings".
  • Click the "Outgoing Server" tab.
  • Check the box next to "My outgoing server (SMTP) requires authentication".
  • Click the radio button next to "Use same settings as my incoming mail server".
  • Click OK.
  • Click Next.
  • Click Finish.

Outlook 2010 (Windows)

  • Click the File tab.
  • Click the "Account Settings" button.
  • Click the "Add and remove accounts or change existing connection settings" button.
  • Highlight your LPL entry in the list.
  • Click the "Change" button.
  • Uncheck the box next to "Require logon using Secure Password Authentication (SPA)".
  • Enter hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu next to "Outgoing mail server (SMTP)".
  • Click "More Settings".
  • Click the Advanced tab.
  • Next to "Outgoing mail (SMTP)", change 25 to 587.
  • Under that, select TLS next to "Use the following type of encrypted connection".
  • Click OK.
  • Click "More Settings".
  • Click the "Outgoing Server" tab.
  • Check the box next to "My outgoing server (SMTP) requires authentication".
  • Click the radio button next to "Use same settings as my incoming mail server".
  • Click OK.
  • Click Next.
  • Click Finish.

Android/Droid

Android/Droid users: click here for instructions.

When you begin using your modern graphical email client program (e.g., Thunderbird, Mac Mail, Outlook), it will present a series of setup screens. When prompted, fill in the following values:

  • Account type = IMAP (not POP).
  • Name = your-first-name your-last-name (e.g., Jane Doe)
  • Email address = your-lpl-username@lpl.arizona.edu (e.g., jdoe@lpl.arizona.edu)
  • Incoming server = hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Incoming username = your-lpl-username (e.g., jdoe)
  • Outgoing server = hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu (this might not be an option at this point in the setup)
  • If prompted for security settings:
    • Use SSL on port 993 for incoming (or just SSL for Mac Mail)
    • Use TLS on port 587 for outgoing (or just SSL for Mac Mail)

Then use the instructions below to configure your email client to use IMAP with SSL.

After that, click here to configure your email client to use TLS to send mail.

Outlook 2000 (Windows)

  • Click the Tools menu and select Accounts.
  • Set the Incoming mail server name to hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Click the Mail tab and highlight the email account you wish to change.
  • Click Properties.
  • Click the Advanced tab.
  • Check the box next to "This server requires a secure connection (SSL)" for the Incoming server.
  • Set the Incoming port number to 993 (or 995 for POP).

Outlook 2003 (Windows)

  • Start Outlook 2003.
  • Click the Tools menu and select E-mail Accounts.
  • Select View or change existing email accounts.
  • Click Next.
  • Highlight the email account you wish to edit.
  • Click Change.
  • Set the Incoming mail server name to hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Click More Settings.
  • Click the Advanced tab.
  • Check the box next to "This server requires an encrypted connection (SSL)" for the Incoming server.
  • Set the Incoming server port number to 993 (or 995 for POP).
  • Do not check the box next to "Use Secure Password Authentication". Uncheck it, if necessary.
  • Click OK.
  • Click Next.
  • Click Finish.

Outlook 2007 (Windows)

  • Start Outlook 2007.
  • Click the Tools menu and select Options.
  • Click the Mail Setup tab.
  • Click the Send/Receive button.
  • Click the Edit button.
  • Click the Account Properties button.
  • Click the Advanced tab.
  • Under Incoming Server, select SSL next to "Use the following type of encrypted connection".
  • Set the Port number automatically to 993 (or 995 for POP).
  • Do not check the box next to Use Secure Password Authentication. Uncheck it, if necessary.
  • Click OK.
  • Click OK.
  • Click Close.
  • Click OK.

Outlook 2010 (Windows)

  • Start Outlook 2010.
  • Click the File tab.
  • Click the Account Settings button.
  • Click the "Add or remove accounts or change existing connection settings" button.
  • Click on the account that you wish to change.
  • Click the Change button.
  • Set the Incoming mail server to hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Uncheck the box next to "Require logon using Secure Password Authentication (SPA)".
  • Click the More Settings button.
  • Click the Advanced tab.
  • Under the "Incoming server (IMAP)" line, select SSL next to "Use the following type of encrypted connection".
  • Next to "Incoming server (IMAP)", set the number to 993.
  • In the "Root folder path" field, type "mail" (without quotes).
  • Click OK.
  • Click Next.
  • If you see a pop-up saying "The server you are connected to is using a security certificate that cannot be verified":
    • Click View Certificate.
    • Click Install Certificate.
    • Click Next, Next, Finish, OK, OK, Yes.
  • Click Finish.
  • Click Close.

Outlook Express

  • Start MS Outlook Express.
  • Click the Tools menu and select Accounts.
  • Select the appropriate account.
  • Click Properties.
  • Click the Servers tab.
  • Set the Incoming server name to hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Click the Advanced tab.
  • Check the box next to "This server requires a secure connection (SSL)" for the Incoming server.
  • Click OK.
  • Click Close.

Thunderbird 2.x (Windows)

  • Start Thunderbird.
  • Click "Tools".
  • Click "Account Settings".
  • From the left pane under Account Settings, select Server Settings.
  • In the Security and Authentication box under "Use secure connection", click on SSL.
  • Make sure the "Use secure authentication" box is not checked.
  • Click the "Advanced" button.
  • In the "IMAP server directory" field, type "mail" (without quotes).
  • Uncheck the "Show only subscribed folders" box.
  • Click OK.
  • From the left pane under Account Settings, select Outgoing Server (SMTP).
  • Click Edit.
  • In the Security and Authentication box, under "Use secure connection", click on TLS.
  • Click OK.

Thunderbird 3.x (Windows)

  • Start Thunderbird.
  • Click "Tools".
  • Click "Account Settings".
  • Click "Server Settings".
  • Set the "Server Name" to hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Set "Connection Security" to "SSL/TLS".
  • Set "Authentication Method" to "Normal password".
  • Set "Port" to 993.
  • Click the "Advanced" button.
  • In the "IMAP server directory" field, type "mail" (without quotes).
  • Uncheck the "Show only subscribed folders" box.
  • Click OK.
  • Click OK.

Thunderbird 2.x (Mac OS 10.x)

  • Start Thunderbird.
  • Click "Tools".
  • Click "Account Settings".
  • Click "Server Settings" (in the left side of the window).
  • Under "Server Settings", check "Use secure connection (SSL)".
  • Click the "Advanced" button.
  • In the "IMAP server directory" field, type "mail" (without quotes).
  • Uncheck the "Show only subscribed folders" box.
  • Click OK.
  • Click OK.

Thunderbird 3.x (Mac OS 10.x)

  • Start Thunderbird.
  • Click "Tools".
  • Click "Account Settings".
  • Click "Server Settings".
  • Set the "Server Name" to hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Set "Connection Security" to "SSL/TLS".
  • Set "Authentication Method" to "Normal password".
  • Set "Port" to 993.
  • Click the "Advanced" button.
  • In the "IMAP server directory" field, type "mail" (without quotes).
  • Uncheck the "Show only subscribed folders" box.
  • Click OK.
  • Click OK.

Netscape

  • Start Netscape.
  • Click the Edit menu and select Mail and Newsgroup Account Settings.
  • Under your email account, click on Server Settings.
  • In the right pane, enable Use Secure connection (SSL).
  • Click OK.

Entourage 2004

Note: Entourage supports Secure Sockets (SSL) beginning with version 2004 (Version 11.1). 
If you are running a version older than 2004, you must upgrade Entourage to enable SSL.

  • Start Entourage.
  • Choose Tools, then choose Accounts.
  • Highlight the account to edit and click Edit.
  • Click the Account Settings tab.
  • Under "Receiving Mail", click on "Click here for advanced receiving options".
  • Check the box next to "This IMAP service requires a secure connection (SSL)"
  • Click Close.
  • Click OK.
  • Exit Entourage and reopen Entourage.

OS X Mail Client (Mac Mail) IMAP

  • In OS X Mail, click Mail, then Preferences.
  • Click the Account tab. The Account Information window appears.
  • Set the Incoming Server name to hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Click the Advanced tab.
  • Check the box next to "Use SSL".
  • Set the Port number to 993.
  • In the IMAP Path Prefix field, type "mail" (no quotes).
  • Close the Account Preferences Account window.
  • Choose Save when prompted.
  • Quit Mac Mail.
  • Reopen Mac Mail.

OS X Mail Client (Mac Mail) POP

  • Open Mac Mail.
  • Click Mail.
  • Click Preferences.
  • Click the Account tab. The Account Information window appears.
  • Set the Incoming Server name to hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Click the Advanced tab.
  • Check the box next to "Use SSL"
  • Set the Port number to 995.
  • Close the Account Preferences Account window.
  • Choose Save when prompted.
  • Quit Mac Mail.
  • Reopen Mac Mail.

Android/Droid IMAP

Android/Droid users: click here for instructions.

Eudora, Pegasus, and Pine

Eudora, Pegasus, and Pine Users: Please contact LPL Systems for assistance.

When you begin using your modern graphical email client program (e.g., Thunderbird, Mac Mail, Outlook), it will present a series of setup screens.

If you are creating an account on Thunderbird or Mac Mail for the first time, 
your mail client program will try to configure your incoming and outgoing settings automatically. 
Its guesses will be wrong, so just click Manual Setup and enter the values given below.

Fill in the following values:

  • Account type = IMAP (not POP).
  • Name = your-first-name your-last-name (e.g., Jane Doe)
  • Email address = your-lpl-username@lpl.arizona.edu (e.g., jdoe@lpl.arizona.edu)
  • Incoming server = hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu
  • Incoming username = your-lpl-username (e.g., jdoe)
  • Outgoing server = hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu (this might not be an option at this point in the setup)

Then click here to configure your email client to use IMAP with SSL to read mail.

Then click here to configure your email client to use TLS to send mail.

Please contact sys for help in maintaining mailing lists. 

To have a mailing list created on the LPL network, please send an email to sys with a subject of "list create request". Include the following information in the message body:

  • List name
  • List description
  • List owner's email address
  • Email addresses of list members

To read the content of archived messages:

  • First send a message with "index marzsat" in the body to see the 
    list of messages.
  • Then send a message with "get marzsat log.xxxx" in the body to have 
    majordomo email you the archived message you'd like to see.

We plan to install majorcool (a web-based command interface for list maintainers and users) and web-based archive software for reading the archive. For now, please use the majordomo commands to access the archive. 

Please contact the LPL Central Computing Staff if you have any questions. 

Check your TERM environment variable setting in your LPL UNIX terminal window. If it's "ascii", that will cause pine to hang. Set it to "vt100" and restart pine. In csh:

% setenv TERM vt100 
% pine 

UNIX LPL WebMail: Click on the message to read it, then click on the attachment hyperlink (not the diskette or MS Word icons) to view the text version of the attachment.

UNIX Pine: Read the message, use the V and S commands to save the attachment to your UNIX home directory, then use the antiword command to display the saved file in text format (% antiword saved_filename).

UNIX dtmail: Double-click on the message to display it in a window, use the Attachments pull-down menu on the message window to save the attachment to a file, then use the antiword command to display the saved file in text format (% antiword saved_filename).

UNIX mail or mailx command-line: Read the message, use the "s" command to save the message to your UNIX directory, use munpack to extract/convert the attachment, and use antiword to display it in text format.
For example, if you saved the message to "saved_message", you would type the commands given in blue (command output is in green): 

% /opt/sfw/bin/munpack < saved_message
munpack: reading from standard input
Memo_to_Atmospheric_Sciences.do (application/msword)

% antiword Memo_to_Atmospheric_Sciences.do | more
(text of the MS Word attachment appears) 

Accessing antiword: On LPL UNIX machines, the antiword executable is /opt/lpl/bin/antiword, which is in most people's PATH when they login. If you cannot invoke antiword from the command line, type "rehash" and try again. If you still cannot invoke it, edit your ~/.cshrc to add /opt/lpl/bin to your path, or contact the LCS staff to have your login path updated.

To download, install, and test Pine, perform the following steps on your Windows PC.

1) Download and install the Pine package to your Windows PC, as follows: 

If your PC is running Windows NT/2000/XP/Vista, you must be logged in as an Administrator user to install the Pine software, so log out of Windows and log back in as Administrator, if necessary.

Then click here to download the PC-Pine setup program. Save it to your desktop. Double-click on the downloaded file and use the wizard to install PC-Pine.

No reboot is required.

 

2) Create a shortcut for Pine on your desktop.

Use Windows Explorer to navigate to C:\Program Files\Pine.
Right-click on the pine icon (a green tree).
Left-click on Create Shortcut.
A new file will appear at the bottom of the Explorer window's file list.
Left-click on the new Shortcut icon and drag it to the desktop.

 

3) Configure Pine.

Double-click the "Shortcut to Pine" icon on your desktop.
Enter the following configuration information in the pop-up window:

IMAP Server: hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu 
Username: your-username 
Pine will then start. The first time it starts, Pine might not be able to find your mail inbox. It will then ask you for the name of the inbox.

Enter the following: {hindmost.lpl.arizona.edu}INBOX 

You are now be logged into hindmost via Pine. 

For detailed information on configuring Pine, please click here: How to Configure Pine on a Windows PC.

If you've lost your connection and then click "Save Draft", your draft will be lost after you close the Compose window, since your browser cannot write to your drafts folder, which is stored under your home directory on the mail server.

Therefore, if you lose your modem or internet connection while you are composing a message or a reply:

- Open a text editor window on your local machine. 
- Use the mouse to highlight the composed text in the webmail compose window. 
- Cut-and-paste that text into the text editor window. - Save the text editor contents to a file on your local machine.

Regarding the cut-and-paste mechanics: 
- On Solaris, use the left button to highlight and the middle button to paste. 
- On Windows, this is more difficult, since the webmail Compose/Reply window has no "edit->cut/copy/paste" menu, but you can cut-and-paste by: 
Highlighting the text, 
Right-clicking into the text editor window, 
Selecting Paste from the pop-up list. 
- On MacOS, the cut-and-paste procedure is not yet documented.

Regardless of whether or not this cut-and-paste worked:

- Leave the webmail windows as they are (leave the compose/reply window open). 
- Re-establish the network connection. 
- Now see whether i can resume the webmail session from where one left off. Since you haven't logged out of webmail, and the session hasn't had enough time to timeout, this is sometimes possible. This is one reason why it's very important to Logout of webmail after each session. 
- Click on the main webmail browser window's border. 
- Click Back to INBOX. 
- Refresh your INBOX. 
- Click Compose and send yourself a test message. 
- Refresh your INBOX. 
- If this works, then click on the Compose window that has your original draft. Either click Save Draft and check your drafts folder for the saved draft, or simply complete your composition and click Send Message. - If this doesn't work, return to the LPL WebMail login page and login again. Then recreate your composition, using the copy that was saved in your local text editor window, using cut-and-paste. 

When you save a draft while composing a message in LPL WebMail, the draft goes to your drafts folder. You can see your drafts by clicking on the dark blue rectangular button just above the LPL logo on the left margin of your browser window. By default, this button is set to "INBOX". Clicking this button will give you a list of your folders. Select "drafts" from this list to see the entries that are in your drafts folder. You can then click on a draft to see its content, then click on "Resume" above the message to resume composing the draft. 

LPL WebMail is accessible from a link on the LPL home page. To obtain more information and login instructions, please click here: LPL WebMail Home. If you have comments or problem reports, please send email to sys. 

ssh to an LPL solaris server 
Use your favorite editor (e.g., vi or pico) to edit this file: 
/home/yourusername/.spamassassin/user_prefs 
and add a "blacklist_from sender-address" line for each address or class of addresses.

Here are a few examples:

blacklist_from somespammer@spamsite.com 
blacklist_from anotherone@spam.domain.edu 
blacklist_from *@spamalot.com

If you do not know how to use a unix editor (e.g., vi or pico) to make that type of change, send email to sys to request that it be done for you. 

If you find messages in your spam folders that should not have been filtered (false positives), you can prevent messages sent from the sender of those messages from being filtered in the future as follows:

ssh to an LPL solaris server 
Use your favorite editor (e.g., vi or pico) to edit this file: 
/home/yourusername/.spamassassin/user_prefs 
and add a "whitelist_from sender-address" line for each address or class of addresses.

Here are a few examples:

whitelist_from myfriend@happy.com 
whitelist_from aperson@aserver.adomain.edu 
whitelist_from *@acompany.com 
whitelist_from dude@*.arizona.edu 
whitelist_from *@lpl.arizona.edu

The user_prefs file already has a sample whitelist line, commented-out. If you do not know how to use a unix editor (e.g., vi or pico) to make that type of change, send email to sys to request that it be done for you. 

The LPL spam filter delivers filtered spam to your mail/probably-spam and mail/almost-certainly-spam folders. All other messages are delivered to your inbox as usual. You will probably need to subscribe to these two folders to see them with your mail client program. In most email client programs (e.g., Thunderbird, Outlook), you'll click File->Subscribe to do this. For help with this, please send email to sys (LPL Systems Staff) with a subject line of "spam folder config".

Please check your spam folders from time to time to be sure that only spam is being collected there. Each probably-spam folder is purged when it reaches 25 megabytes in size. Each almost-certainly-spam folder is purged when it reaches 10 megabytes in size.

If you are a PIRL user, the destination of your filtered spam depends on how you configured the filter. 

LPL users can have spam filtered from their incoming email by sending email to sys (LPL Systems Staff) with a subject line of "enable spam filter".

PIRL users can start filtering spam by going to the PIRL SpamAssassin page and following the instructions. 

LPL WebMail was upgraded on March 1, 2003, so users need to update their bookmark/favorite and install a new security certificate. To do this:

Probably because your Inbox is too big. If your Inbox is larger than 50 MB, webmail will be slow. To see how big your inbox is, ssh to shell and type "ls -l /var/mail/yourusername", where yourusername is your LPL username. 
To dramatically improve your webmail performance, use your favorite non-webmail email client (e.g., pine, thunderbird) to create extra IMAP folders and save your Inbox messages to those folders. Once your Inbox is trimmed, keep it small by filing messages to IMAP folders frequently. If you can only use webmail to do create the folders and trim your Inbox, follow these steps:

  • Click on folders and create a new folder. Sorry, but our system doesn't currently allow sub-folders.
  • Go back to the Inbox (click INBOX on the left-hand side of the screen).
  • Check the box next to the message(s) you want to move.
  • Just above the messages, there is a drop-down list that has all of your folder names. Select the folder you just created, then click the Move button.

This procedure applies to LPL mail users only (not PIRL mail users).

login to webmail

click Options (at the top center of the webmail page) 
click Folder Preferences 
look at the Folder Path field. it should say "mail/". 
fill it in, if necessary. 
click Submit

click on Folders 
(at the center of the screen above the list of inbox messages),

highlight the folder(s) that you wish to view in webmail 
(you can highlight several folders at once by holding down the 
ctrl button and clicking them, or holding down the shift button to 
highlight a contiguous block in the folders list),

click the Subscribe button. 
click the "refresh folder list" link at the top center of the Options page. 
click INBOX at the top of the tree on the left side of the page to return to your inbox.

Outlook Express does not allow all attachments to be saved or opened because it deems them a risk to security. In order to turn this feature off you should:

  1. Click the "Tools" menu
  2. Select Options and then Security
  3. Uncheck the box next to:
    "Do not allow attachments to be saved or opened that could potentially be a virus."
  4. Click OK

Some innkeepers and internet service providers prevent you from sending mail by blocking port 25. If you are on travel and cannot send mail from your laptop, you can configure your email client program to use port 587 for outgoing mail, instead of port 25.

To maintain optimal LPL email performance, we recommend that users do the following tasks periodically.

  • Trim your inbox

    This will speed the delivery, opening, reading, and moving of messages.
    The easiest approach is to create an IMAP mail folder called inbox_mmddyy and move old messages from the inbox to it.
    Another approach is to create several mail folders for various subject areas and move messages from the inbox to them.
    You can do this with your email client, or LPL Systems staff can do this for you.

    If you use Thunderbird, you can display the size of each message in your inbox and sort the messages by size, as follows:

    • At the top right corner of the inbox message list pane, click on the small "box" (looks like a little window) to display a list of available columns.
    • Click on "Size" to add that column to the pane.
    • Click on the Size column title (the word "Size") to sort the messages by size.
    • Scroll to the bottom to see the largest messages.

    If you use Mac Mail, you can display the message size in the inbox list, as follows:

    • Click View -> Columns -> Size in the menu in Mac Mail.

    To turn the display of message sizes off again, select the same menu item again.

    You'll probably find that a handful of messages are responsible for most of your inbox size.
    If you want to keep them, create mail folders, and move these messages to the folders;
    otherwise, delete them. Then close and reopen your mail client, to compact your inbox.

    You can check your inbox size as follows:

    • Use secure shell client to connect to shell
    • Issue this unix command: ls -l /var/mail/yourusername

    For optimal performance, keep your inbox size under 150 MB. LPL Systems will send you an email reminder when your inbox size is > 300 MB.

  • Trim your Sent folder

    This will speed the sending of messages.
    The best practice is to create an IMAP mail folder called Sent.mmddyy and move old messages from your Sent folder to it.
    You can do this with your email client, or LPL Systems staff can do this for you. You can check your Sent folder size as follows:

    • Use secure shell client to connect to shell
    • Issue this unix command: ls -l mail/Sent

    For optimal performance, keep your Sent folder size under 200 MB.

  • Empty your Trash folder

    This will speed the deleting of messages.
    The easiest approach is to click File -> Empty Trash using your mail client.
    You can configure modern GUI mail clients to empty trash on exit.
    For example, in Thunderbird, click Tools->Account Settings -> Server Settings.

    For optimal performance, keep your Trash folder size under 50 MB.

After you have obtained an LPL user account from LPL Systems, you may use LPL email in one of the following ways:

  • Set up and use an LPL email client on your desktop/laptop, as follows:
    < >Windows and Mac users can download and install Thunderbird, unless they prefer Outlook or Mac Mail.

    Sun and Linux users should find that Thunderbird is already installed on their system.

    Click here to learn how to set up your LPL email client.

    Solaris command-line users can use pine or mailx after ssh-ing to shell (no setup required).

    Login to LPL WebMail

For best performance, LPL Systems recommends that you set up and use an email client on your desktop/laptop. 
LPL WebMail is primarily intended for use when you do not have access to your own system.

Graphics Software

xv is an interactive image manipulation program for the X Window System. It can operate on images in the GIF, JPEG, TIFF, PBM, PGM, PPM, XPM, X11 bitmap, Sun Rasterfile, Targa, RLE, RGB, BMP, PCX, FITS, and PM formats on all known types of X displays.

You can use xv on any LPL UNIX machine by typing this command at the UNIX shell prompt: 
/opt/lpl/bin/xv

Click here for more information: XV Home Page

Xmgr is a plotting program that provides a wide range of functions such as multiple line plots, color plots, some data analysis tools, multiple axis options and others.

You can use xmgr on any LPL UNIX machine by typing this command at the UNIX shell prompt:
% xmgr

Click here for more information: Xmgr User's Guide
Or here: Xmgr FAQ

On LPL Solaris machines (except hindmost), you can run SM by typing this command at the UNIX shell prompt:
% /usr/local/sm/bin/sm 

Click here for more information: SM Home Page
Or here: The Joy of SuperMongo

To use pgplot to display plots to an x-term window on an LPL Solaris system, csh and tcsh users should use the following commands to set up their environment:

setenv PGPLOT_DIR /usr/lpl/pgplot 
setenv LD_LIBRARY_PATH /usr/lib:/usr/lpl/lib:/usr/local/lib:/opt/sfw/lib:/usr/openwin/lib:/usr/ucblib:/usr/lpl/pgplot

You might also need to set your DISPLAY env variable in order to send the output of PGPLOT to your workstation: 
setenv DISPLAY ip-address-of-your-workstation:0.0

Then run the pgplot demo to check your env:

/usr/local/pgplot/pgdemo1 
(answer the device prompt with: /XWINDOW)

If you are connecting from a PC or a Mac to the Solaris system, you will need to start an X server on your PC or Mac before connecting to the Solaris system. 
MacOS X users can download X11 from Apple, install, and run X11 (the install is very easy). 
PC users can download, install, and run X-Win 32

Click here for more information on PGPLOT: PGPLOT Home Page

Ghostview is an X11 user interface for Ghostscript, allowing you to view and navigate PostScript files. There are several derivatives of Ghostview that are now in common use. GV is a version of Ghostview with an improved user interface and the ability to display PDF files.

On LPL UNIX machines, you can run gv version 1.5 by typing this command at the UNIX shell prompt:
/opt/lpl/bin/gv

Click here for more information: GV Home Page

The GIMP is the GNU Image Manipulation Program, suitable for such tasks as photo retouching, image composition and image authoring.

On LPL UNIX machines, you can run gimp by typing this command at the UNIX shell prompt:
/opt/sfw/bin/gimp

Click here for more information: GIMP Home Page

David Fanning's miscellaneous IDL tips page has the answer: IDL 5.5 Help Info

You can use IDL on any LPL UNIX machine by typing this command at the UNIX shell prompt:
% idl

Click here for more information:

RSI IDL home page
IDL Astronomy User's Library
Coyote's Guide to IDL Programming
IDL Libraries Browser

Networking

Click here to download a 64-bit Windows 7 VPN client for use with the U of A VPN. 
You will need to enter your U of A netuid and password to access the site.

You are currently on the subnet:
  • 150.135.108.0/22: Open a command shell and execute:
    route add net 192.168.64.0/24 <if_name>
    Where if_name is the name of your network interface. (See below for examples of interface names.
  • 128.196.64.0/24: Open a command shell and execute:
    route add net 150.135.108.0/22 <if_name>
    Where if_name is the name of your network interface. (See below for examples of interface names.
Interface name examples:
  • Linux: eth0, eth1, ..., ethn
  • Solaris: ge0, le0, ...

To find the names of the network devices on your Unix/Linux/BSD variant, try:
ifconfigifconfig OR ifconfig -aifconfig -a

Printing

There are black-and-white and color printers for LPL public use in Kuiper Space Sciences room 331.

Location Queue Name(s) Printer Type Output Type IP Address
Room 331 hp4300-331 / hp4300-331-dup black-white single-sided / duplex 150.135.109.237
Room 331 hp4600-331 / hp4600-331-dup color single-sided / duplex 150.135.110.8
Room 331 hp3525-331 / hp3525-331-dup color single-sided / duplex 150.135.108.169
Room 444 (hall) hp3525-444 / hp3525-444-dup color single-sided / duplex 150.135.108.103

To print duplex from a Solaris machine, use the appropriate -dup queue. To print duplex from a Windows PC, use the Print/Print Setup/Print Preview GUI to select double-sided printing.

The Windows-PC in room 331 has an attached flatbed scanner & OCR software for digitizing paper documents.

Other centralized peripherals are located in the main LCS computer room and support offices (444/446). They are attached to Unix servers. For more information on these devices, please contact sys.

There are two poster-size printers in the building, one of which is in PIRL.

To use the PIRL printer, begin by reading the User Notes for the printer:

Poster Printing

The easiest way to proceed is to being with a PDF file and generate a raster image.
42" is the maximum width. Render @300dpi.

you can change your default printer by using the sun java desktop preferences tool, as follows:

Click Launch
move the mouse to the Preferences entry in the list that pops up
click Printer Preferences in the Preferences list that appears
this will launch the Printer Preferences pop-up window

in the pop-up window, you will see a few printer icons
one of them will have a green check mark on it
that is your default printer

to make another printer your default printer:
click on the icon for that printer
click Printer -> Set as Default

to see more printers:
launch the Printer Preferences window
click View -> Select Printers to Show
choose some from the list or click Select All
click OK 

Right-click on the background in CDE (Common Desktop Environment). 
Click Tools->Print Manager->View->Select Printers to Show. 
Click on one of the printers in the list (Hidden or Shown). 
Click Set Default. 
Click Apply. 
Click OK.

  • Right-click on the background.
  • Click Applications->Snapshot.
  • Click the radio button next to Snap Type: Screen.
  • Click Snap. After a moment, a big window will open that has an image of the desktop.
    This can be a bit disconcerting, as this big window looks exactly like a smaller version of the full screen.
  • Along the top of that window's menu bar, click File->Print. A print window will open.
    Click Print or Print Preview in that window. You'll probably need to play with the several
    Image Viewer options before you get a printout you like.

If you are running Windows 2000 or Windows XP, you can add a network printers as follows:

  1. Find the name or ip address of the printer you wish to add.

    The printers in room 331 are called hp4600-331 and hp4300-331.

    The HP-4500 color printer in room 509H is called hp4500-509h.
    You need to refer to these two printers by their IP addresses instead of by their names when adding them.

    The IP address for hp4500-509h is 150.135.109.28 .
    The IP address for hp4300-331 is 150.135.109.237 .

  2. Find the type of the printer you wish to add.

    Some popular public printers are:
    hp4300-331: HP 4300 LaserJet
    hp4600-331: HP 4600 LaserJet

    To find the names/types of other network printers, look at the front of the printer, check the printer manual, or login to an lpl solaris machine (e.g., shell), and issue this command: "cat /etc/printers.conf".

  3. Login as administrator or a user in the administrator group.

  4. Add the printer using HP JetDirect, which comes pre-installed with Windows 2000 and Windows XP.

    Click Settings -> Printers -> Add Printer.
    Click Next.
    Click Local printer.
    (Yes, you click "local" to add a network printer using HP JetDirect.)

    Unclick "look for plug-n-play device".
    (This is a rough paraphrase.)
    Click Create a new port.
    Click Standard TCP/IP port.
    Click Next.

    Type the printer name in first field.
    For hp4300-331, hp4500-509h, and hp2200-525, enter the printer's IP address instead.

    The second field will fill in automatically.

    Click Next and wait a moment for the driver selection screen to come up.

    Select the printer manufacturer (e.g., HP).
    Select the printer model, or the closest matching entry.
    For hp2200-525, use HP Laserjet 2100 Series PS as the printer model.
    For hp4500-509h, use HP Laserjet 4500 Series PS as the printer model.

    Windows will find and load the correct printer driver, which is usually already on the c:/ drive.

    Click Next.
    Click No.
    Click Do not share.
    Click Yes.
    Click Finish.
    Click OK.

Open the Print & Fax application from System Preferences.

Press the + button to add a printer.

From the top of the window, press the IP button.

Enter the following:
Protocol: HP Jetdirect - Socket
Address:  hp3525-331.lpl.arizona.edu

At this point, the application should be able to connect to the printer and fill out  the Print Using option.  If you want to change the Name field, you can put any text in the field.

Press the Add button.

Now repeat the above with hp4300-331.

You may want to modify the default settings to enable options like duplex mode.

If you are running Redhat Linux, you can add a network printers as follows:

  1. Find the IP address of the printer that you wish to add.

    To find the printer's IP address, ping it by name from a Linux shell window.

    The printers in room 331 are called hp4300-331 and hp4600-331.

    The HP-4500 color printer in room 509H is called hp4500-509h.

  2. Login as root.

  3. Add the printer.

    To add an LPL printer to a Redhat linux machine:
     
    If using the gnome GUI:
    Click foot->programs->system->printer configuration.
    If using kde:
     
    Regardless of GUI type, proceed with:
    Click New.
    Click Next.
    Click the radio button next to JetDirect Printer JETDIRECT.
    Enter the name of the printer in Queue Name window.
    Click Next.
    Enter the printer's IP address in the Printer IP window.
    Click Next.
    Click Postscript Printer (top of list).
    Click Next.
    Click Finish.
    Click Apply.
    Click the row for the new printer in the list of printers.
    Click Test->US Letter Postscript Testpage.
     
    To add a PIRL printer to a Redhat linux machine:
     
    If using the gnome GUI:
    Click Foot_or_Redhat->Programs->System->Printer Configuration.
    If using KDE:
    Click K->System->Printer Configuration.
     
    Regardless of GUI type, proceed with:
    Click New.
    Click Next.
    Click radio button next to Unix Printer LPD.
    enter name of printer in Queue Name window.
    Click Next.
    type pirlprinters in Server window.
    type name of printer in Queue window.
    Click Next.
    Click Postscript Printer (top of list).
    Click Next.
    Click Finish.
    Click Apply.
    Click the row for the new printer in the list of printers.
    Click Test->US Letter Postscript Testpage.

Remote Access and Secure Shell

Use dos2unix to convert each transferred text file from DOS format to ISO format. For example, to remove the extra carriage returns from original_file, yielding converted_file: 
% dos2unix original_file converted_file 

In the past, when you used ftp to transfer files, you didn't have to do this conversion, because ftp did it for you. Secure ftp (sftp) does binary-binary transfers only (in the interest of security), so you must perform the conversion. 

On your local machine (Windows), across the top of the Secure Shell File Transfer window, there is a row of menu items that says "File Edit View Operation".

Click the "View" item. This will cause a drop-down menu to appear.

In that menu, click the box to the left of "Show Root Directory" or "View Root Directory/Files".

This will cause the tree view of the remote file system (on the left side of the window) to change, giving you a view of all of the remote machine's files, starting with "/" (the root directory) at the top of the tree.

Now you can navigate to any readable directory on the remote machine. 

There is a secure equivalent of ftp on UNIX, Linux, MacOS, and Windows.

On Windows, click the yellow Secure File Transfer icon on your desktop, which 
appeared after you downloaded and installed Secure Shell.

On UNIX, the secure commnd-line equivalent of ftp is called sftp.

On Mac PCs, use command-line sftp or download and install Fugu.

On Linux, command-line sftp should already be installed and in your default path.

If you use the SSH Client (produced by SSH Communications Security) that is provided free by LPL through the U of A sitelicense program, you can upgrade it using the following procedure. Most LPL Windows SSH users use this product.

1) Check the version of Secure Shell Client that is already installed on your PC.

  • Double-click on the white-and-blue Secure Shell Client desktop icon 
    or 
    Click "Start->Programs->SSH Secure Shell->Secure Shell Client".
  • Along the top of the SSH window, click "Help->About Secure Shell...". 
    If the displayed Version is less than 3.2.9, you should upgrade.
  • Close SSH by clicking "File->Exit" or the "X" in the upper right corner of the SSH window.

2) Download the latest SSH package to your Windows PC.

  • Click here to download the latest package.
  • Save it to your Desktop.

3) Upgrade SSH on Your PC.

  • Close all Secure Shell windows that are running on your PC.
  • If you are on Windows NT/2000/XP/Vista, login as a user that has Administrator privileges
  • Double-click on the file that you just downloaded.
  • Accept all of the defaults as you are prompted. No reboot is required.

4) Test SSH.

  • Double-click the "Secure Shell Client" icon on your desktop. 
    A window titled "- default - SSH Secure Shell Client" will appear.
  • Click Quick Connect
    A "Connect to Remote Host" window will appear.
  • Type "shell.lpl.arizona.edu" (no quotes) into the "Host Name:" window. 
  • Type your login username (e.g., cleopatra) into the "User Name:" window. 
    (For example, if your email address is username@lpl.arizona.edu, enter "username" without the quotes.)
  • Click Connect.
  • You may be asked if you would like to Reset or Use New File Transfer Menu Toolbar items. Click Yes.
  • You may be asked if you wish to save the host key. Click Yes.
  • You may be told that "Host keys have changed", and asked if you want to connect anyway. Click Yes or OK.
  • You may be asked if you wish to update your PC's store of host keys with this new value. Click Yes or OK.
  • A window titled "Enter Password" will appear. 
    Type your login password into the "Password:" window.
  • Click OK. You should now be logged into the server via SSH.

5) Quell SSH's nagging update messages.

If you used SSH Profiles before you upgraded, SSH 3.2.9 might ask you if you would like to reset/update your File Transfer Toolbar every time you start SSH. You can quell these nagging messages by flushing your SSH user folder:

  • Close all open SSH windows.
  • Open Windows Explorer 
    (hold down the Window key and type 'E', or right-click on Start and click Explore, or double-click on My Computer).
  • Navigate to the Secure Shell directory, rename your SSH dir, and create a new empty SSH dir
    using the following table:
    Windows Version Navigate to This Dir Rename This Dir Create New Folder
    95/98/me C:\Program Files\Secure Shell Communications\Users yourname -> yourname.sv yourname
    NT C:\Winnt\Profiles\yourname\Application Data SSH -> SSH.sv SSH
    2000/XP c:\Documents and Settings\yourname\Application Data SSH -> SSH.sv SSH

You should now be able to start SSH without getting nagged. You will have to recreate your SSH Profiles.

To download, install, and test Secure Shell, perform the following steps on your Windows PC.

1) Check if Secure Shell is already installed on your PC, as follows:

Click "Start" (lower left corner of the screen). Click "Control Panel" Select "Add/Remove Programs" Scan the list of installed programs. You might need to scroll.

If Secure Shell is listed, proceed to step 4. Otherwise, proceed to step 2.

2) Copy the Secure Shell package to your Windows PC, as follows:

Click here to download the SSHSecureShellClient executable. Save it to your desktop.

3) Install Secure Shell.

To install software on your PC, you must be logged in as a user who has administrator rights, so log out of Windows and log back in as Administrator, if necessary. Then install Secure Shell, as follows:

Double-click on the downloaded SSH exe file on your desktop. Click OK Accept all of the defaults as you are prompted.

No reboot is required. 4) Test Secure Shell.

Double Click the "Secure Shell Client" icon on your desktop. A window titled "- default - SSH Secure Shell Client" with a SSH copyright notice will appear. Press the space bar. A "Connect to Remote Host" window will appear. Type "shell.lpl.arizona.edu" (no quotes) into the "Host Name:" window. Type your login username (e.g., cleopatra) into the "User Name:" window. (for example, if your email address is username@lpl.arizona.edu, enter "username" without the quotes.) Click Connect

You will be presented with a "Host Identification" window announcing that you are connecting to shell for the first time. This notice only appears the first time you connect to a particular host if you save the key.

Click Yes to save the key in the local database.

A window titled "Enter Password" will appear. Type your login password into the "Password:" window. Click OK.

You are now be logged into shell via Secure Shell.

Internet access to LPL is available only through Secure Shell (telnet is not permitted). Click here for information on configuring your system for Secure Shell (SSH) access to LPL: LCS SSH FAQ.

If you need to access LPL email from remote sites, the Secure LPL WebMail System is a convenient option. If you have an LPL computer login account, then you can access Secure LPL WebMail. Click here to access the system: LPL WebMail Home.

Unless your laptop/home machine is fast and using a broadband high-speed internet connection, LPL WebMail is likely to be somewhat slow. If you have an LPL computer login account, a much faster way of accessing LPL email from remote sites is to configure your email client to use the main LPL mail server to quickly read and send email from anywhere in the world. Click here to learn how to configure your email client.

double-click on the yellow folder icon
click Quick Connect
fill in the fields as follows:
Host Name: yourhost.lpl.arizona.edu
User Name: yourusername
click Connect
click Yes if prompted
type your LPL password
you will get a GUI interface showing the files/dirs under your LPL home directory
to upload a file:
click on the Up Arrow button in the middle of the horizontal row of buttons
that runs across the top of the window, just below File Edit View...
use the pop-up window to navigate to the file that you'd like to upload
click once on that file
click Upload

to download:
click once on the file that you wish to download
click on the Down Arrow button next to the Up Arrow button
use the pop-up window to navigate to the folder into which you'd like to download
click once on that folder
click Download 

Click here to access the LPL public ftp site: LPL FTP Site

You can upload a file to the site by going to the pub/incoming folder. If you are using a browser to upload, click File->Upload File. If you are using a command-line window to connect to the ftp site, login as anonymous with your email address as password, cd pub/incoming, and use the "put" command to upload the file; 

You can download files from the site by going to pub/lpl/. If you are using a browser to download, click the file of your choice to start the download. If you are using a command -line window to connect to the ftp site, login as anonymous with your email addr ess as password, cd pub/lpl/, and use the "get" command to download a file. 

Files that have been uploaded to the incoming folder can be accessed from shell in the /ftp/pub/incoming directory. 

If you would like to create a directory from which the public may download files, please contact LCS Support. 

The most secure method of unchallenged SSH authentication is to use RSA/DSA keys with authentication agents.  SSH agents give another host secure access to your private keys as if it were local, permitting you to ssh, sftp, or scp using your private keys for authentication, without typing a password.

A less secure method is to use RSA/DSA keys without agents. To do this, follow the instructions below, but enter no passphrase when prompted (just press enter/return), and skip Phase II.

Unchallenged SSH access using agents is set up in two phases:

Phase I: Use RSA and DSA keys to set up passphrase-challenged SSH access.

1. Use ssh-keygen to create public and private keys.
2. Populate other from-hosts with the public and private keys (stored securely).
3. Populate to-hosts with the public keys.
4. Test challenged SSH access.

Phase II: Use ssh-agent and ssh-add to set up unchallenged SSH access.

1. Use ssh-agent to start an authentication agent.
2. Use ssh-add to add your private keys to the agent.
3. Launch terminal windows as child processes of the SSH agent.
4. Test unchallenged SSH access from these windows.

Detailed Instructions

Phase I: Use RSA and DSA keys to set up passphrase-challenged SSH access.

1. Use ssh-keygen to generate keys on the host from which you wish to connect.

   By default, ssh-keygen stores generated public and private key files in $HOME/.ssh.  At LPL this is an NFS file system, so the data would cross the network in the clear if stored there.  Since this data is used to identify the user, the contents must be kept secret, so we use ssh-keygen's -f option to put the key files in /var/.ssh/yourname instead. Contact your system admin to have this directory created, if necessary, using these commands, on all of the from-hosts:

   # mkdir /var/.ssh/yourname
   # chmod 700 /var/.ssh/yourname
   # chown yourname /var/.ssh/yourname
   # chgrp yourgroup /var/.ssh/yourname

   Always use a good passphrase when creating a private key.  A passphrase is between 10 and 30 characters long and does not consist of a simple sentence, as a normal English sentence only generates one or two bits of entropy. If you wish to use unchallenged SSH without agents (less secure), then enter no passphrase (just press enter/return).

   $ ssh-keygen -t rsa -f /var/.ssh/yourname/id_rsa -C "yourname@from-host"
   $ ssh-keygen -t dsa -f /var/.ssh/yourname/id_dsa -C "yourname@from-host"

   Create an SSH config file so SSH knows where to find your private keys.

   $ echo "IdentityFile /var/.ssh/yourname/id_rsa" >  ~/.ssh/config
   $ echo "IdentityFile /var/.ssh/yourname/id_dsa" >> ~/.ssh/config

2. Populate the other from-hosts with securely stored public and private keys.

   $ cd /var/.ssh/yourname
   $ scp id_rsa you@other-from-host:/var/.ssh/yourname
   you@to-host's password:
   $ ssh you@other-from-host 'chmod 600 /var/.ssh/yourname/id_rsa'
   you@to-host's password:
   $ scp id_dsa you@other-from-host:/var/.ssh/yourname
   you@to-host's password:
   $ ssh you@other-from-host 'chmod 600 /var/.ssh/yourname/id_dsa'
   you@to-host's password: 

   If you have a separate (non-NFS-mounted) home directory on any of these from-hosts, you'll need to create ~/.ssh/config as in step 1 above.

3. Populate the to-hosts with the public keys.

   Since LPL home directories are NFS-mounted, adding your public keys to one file under your home dir will populate all of the LPL UNIX to-hosts that mount your home directory.

   $ touch ~/.ssh/authorized_keys; chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
   $ touch ~/.ssh/authorized_keys2; chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys2
   $ cd /var/.ssh/yourname
   $ cat id_rsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
   $ cat id_dsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
   $ cat id_rsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys2
   $ cat id_dsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys2

4. Test passphrase-challenged access.

   $ ssh you@to-host
   Enter passphrase for DSA key 'you@to-host':

   If you entered a passphrase when running keygen and you don't get the prompt
   for your passphrase, then something is wrong. 

After completing Phase I, the login process has been changed from being password-prompting to passphrase-prompting. This enables us to use an SSH authentication agent to send our keys, so we may login without any prompting.

Phase II: Use ssh-agent and ssh-add to set up unchallenged SSH access.

Ideally, we will type a passphrase once when we sit down at our computer, and every session we establish will use the authentication agent, so we will not need to type passphrases again.

1. Use ssh-agent to start an authentication agent.

   $ ssh-agent csh
   or
   $ ssh-agent tcsh
   or
   $ ssh-agent bash

2. Use ssh-add to add your private keys to the agent.

   When prompted, enter the passphrases you used in Phase I Step 1.

   $ ssh-add /var/.ssh/yourname/id_rsa
   $ ssh-add /var/.ssh/yourname/id_dsa

3. Launch terminal windows as child processes of the SSH agent.

   From the SSH agent's c-shell, launch terminal windows, and other windows from them:

   $ xterm &

4. Test unchallenged SSH access.

   From any of these xterm windows:

   $ ssh to-host

How to automate ssh-agent startup.

There are several ways to configure your account to automatically start an ssh-agent. You can have it create a subprocess which inherits the SSH_AUTH_SOCK env variable, or you can run it as a daemon. For example, if you are using gnome on Redhat, put the following line at the

end of your ~/.xsession file: 

 ssh-agent gnome-session 

Now ssh-agent will start, create a socket, set environment variables, and start an X session.  All of the child programs of the X server will have access to the agent. 

If you are a bash user, an alternative is to start ssh-agent from your
~/.profile or ~/.bash_profile.  To do this, add these lines to your
~/.bash_profile:

SSHAGENT=/usr/bin/ssh-agent
[ -z "$SSH_AUTH_SOCK" -a -x "$SSHAGENT" ] && eval `$SSHAGENT`

This brings SSH_AUTH_SOCK and SSH_AGENT_PID as env variables into the current shell. You still need to run ssh-add after to add your keys.

To kill all ssh-agent daemons when you logout, add the following to your
~/.logout: 

kill $SSH_AGENT_PID

How to change your passphrase.

If your passphrase (the password you type to decrypt your private key) has been guessed, or you have typed it over the network by accident, you should change it. To do so, do the following:

$ ssh-keygen -p

How to indicate whether you are in SSH.

To indicate in your shell prompt whether or not you have logged in through SSH, add these lines to your .cshrc file:

if ($?SSH_TTY || $?SSH_CLIENT|| $?SSH_AUTHENTICATION_SOCKET)
then
  set prompt_ssh="ssh:"
else
  set prompt_ssh=""
endif
set prompt = "$prompt_ssh% "

If your prompt begins with the letters "ssh:", you are using SSH, and anything you type is protected through encryption.

Telnet is an insecure means of communication, so it is not used at LPL. To ensure secure communications, LCS recommends that you install Secure Shell (SSH) on your system and use it. Click here for information on installing SSH on your Windows or Mac PC: LCS SSH FAQ.

Software Engineering

The Software Technology Discussion Group meets weekly and provides an excellent forum for software engineering technology sharing and transfer.

Consulting with the Group could save you a lot of time and effort. Someone in the Group's probably been there and done that, whether you're:

  • Designing a large-scale software system.
  • Looking for a good Java layout manager.
  • Wondering why your F77 code runs slower in C.
  • Trying to decide whether to use tcl, tk, perl, or python.
  • Learning how to parallelize code to speed up runs.

Sophos Anti-Virus

LPL email addresses are contained in the email address books of thousands, if not millions, of computers worldwide. When a worm infects a random machine in the world, it harvests all of the email addresses stored on that machine and launches email messages to and from those addresses, forging the From: address. Human recipients tend to infer that these messages were sent by the user listed in the From: line, from the forged sender's computer. In reality, these messages could've originated on any computer in the world that has an address book that contains the actual recipient's and forged sender's addresses.

So, whenever a worm infects a computer (anywhere in the world) that contains an address book that contains LPL addresses, someone at LPL might receive forged worm email and might have their address used to forge worm email to other people. Companies, universities, and private parties worldwide are vulnerable to this problem and are contending with it. Given the situation, it's not surprising that experts estimate that millions of Windows computers worldwide are infected with some type of worm.

No, please check LPL's virus/worm/hoax info web page instead. The vast majority of sensational warning emails are hoaxes. If you are still in doubt after checking the latest hoaxes, please contact LCS staff.

If you receive an email that has a random, strange, or blank subject line and has one or more attachments, it may very well contain a virus or worm, and should be handled with caution. Do not open it or click on any of the attachments, even if you know the name of the person on the From: line.

If you receive an email that contains an attachment that you are not 100% sure is ok, delete it the email.

For the latest information feed on viruses, worms, and hoaxes, please visit Sopho's virus info web page.

Click here for detailed instructions (the Sophos User Manual). Click here for quickstart instructions.

Windows Users:

Click here to download Sophos and to learn how to install and configure it. 
The Sophos download will install Sophos Anti-Virus, update it, and then continue to update it automatically. 
Be sure to click into and read the Quickstart Install Guide under News and information on the Sophos download page. 
Please contact the LPL Systems Staff if you would like help with this.

After installing Sophos, perform a full system scan. After that, you must setup a scheduled daily scan to keep system clean. Administrator privileges are required to set up a Scheduled Scan.

Norton Anti-virus and McAfee Anti-virus users: please ignore this unless you wish to uninstall Norton or McAfee and switch to Sophos.

Web Pages

To set up a web page you must have a collection of HTML files that are the content of your pages. To create these, you'll need to know how to write HTML. It's quite easy to learn HTML. Take a look at the pages for the HTML Class that we gave a while ago for some places to start.

So if you have the HTML and other files for your web page, how do you get it up on the LPL web pages?

Begin by using ssh to connect to shell.lpl.arizona.edu and log in to your LPL UNIX account. In your LPL home directory, create a directory called public_html (you can do this with the command mkdir public_html). You have to make this directory world readable, so that everyone can see your webpage. To do this, you can use the command chmod a+r public_html, from your home directory. Now put all of the HTML files into this directory (or make more directories under this), and you'll be able to see them on the web.

The address of your new web pages will be:

http://www.lpl.arizona.edu/~username

where username is your username.

For example, the web address for rbeyer's web page is

http://www.lpl.arizona.edu/~rbeyer.

Those are the basics! If you have questions, please email

LPL Webmaster / webmaster

This page describes how to place directories on your personal web page under password protection on the LPL systems. In addition, we encourage you to read through the appropriate Security Tutorials on the Apache site for more details.

Suppose you have your personal web page in your public_html directory (~/public_html) which can be reached at the web address of http://www.lpl.arizona.edu/~username. Within that webpage, you have a directory called secured (reachable viahttp://www.lpl.arizona.edu/~username/secured) that you would like to place password protection on, such that anytime someone tried to go to http://www.lpl.arizona.edu/~username/secured they would be asked for a username and password or the webserver wouldn't let them see it.

In order to accomplish this, you need to create two files: a password file that contains user information and an access file that the webserver looks for to instruct it how to do things.

First, you need to create that password file by running the htpasswd command. This command is installed on the LPL webserver at /usr/local/apache/bin/htpasswd, but only the root user can execute this program. When you are ready to have it run, send email to sys to request this.

The htpasswd command will create a password file called ~/public_html/secured/.htpasswdWARNING: DO NOT use your system password for this password. The password file that you are generating for use with your webpages is in your directories and is not as secure as the system password file. If you use your system password for this, your system account might get hacked.

Once you have the password file, you need to create the access file. This access file must be named .htaccess (with the leading period), otherwise the webserver won't be able to find it (just like your web pages must be in a directory called public_html). Use our favorite text editor to create and edit a file in our ~/public_html/secured directory called .htaccess, and in it, inserting the following lines:

AuthType Basic
AuthName "My Secured Area"
AuthUserFile /home/username/public_html/secured/.htpasswd
require valid-user

Now with both the .htpasswd and the .htaccess files, whatever directory they are in (and all of that directory's sub-directories) are now under password protection by the webserver.

There is a lot of functionality for this kind of security mechanism, and we highly suggest that you read through the Security Tutorials on the Apache site for a complete treatment of these issues. The level of security afforded by this method is adequate, but not high. If you have data that you feel requires a greater amount of protection or you have different authorization requirements, please consult

LPL Webmaster / webmaster

for more information.

  1. Login as lpluser (no password) to the Windows 2000 PC in Room 331. 
  2. Use Explorer to create a new folder under C:\users\yourname. 
  3. Double-click on the HP Precision Scan Pro 3.01 icon. 
  4. Place the first page of your lecture notes in the upper-right corner of the HP ScanJet 7400C's glass bed (face-down) and close the lid. 
  5. Click Scan -> New Scan. 
  6. Wait for the lamp to warm up (one minute). 
  7. Use the mouse to outline the area of the scanned page that you wish to record. 
  8. Click Scan -> Save As. 
  9. Navigate to c:\users\yourname. 
  10. Save the image as a PDF file (e.g., lecture_N.pdf). 
  11. Lift the scanner lid, replace page 1 with page 2, and close the lid. 
  12. Click Scan in the "Scan another page into current document" pop-up. 
  13. Repeat steps 11 and 12 until you've scanned all pages. 
  14. Click Done in the "Scan another page into current document" pop-up. 
  15. Click Scan -> Exit. 
  16. Arrange to have the lecture pdf file put on the web. 

If you have a web author who takes care of your web pages, either: 
Use Secure File Transer to copy c:\users\yourname\lecture_N.pdf to your home directory on hindmost, then email your author with the location of this file. 
OR 
Use LPL WebMail to email c:\users\yourname\lecture_N.pdf as an attachment to your web author. 

If you don't have a web author, use LPL WebMail to email the file as an attachment to webmaster, asking that the file be added to your class web pages. Please remember to specify your class name and section number.

Web-Based Resource Scheduler

Use of the LPL Web Scheduler is restricted to people with an LPL email address.
All first-time users must obtain a LARS account by sending an email request to sys.

To use the LPL Web Scheduler, click LPL Resource Scheduler and follow the instructions below.

When you access the Scheduler, the first notice that appears is "Website Certified by an Unknown Authority".
Click OK to accept the certificate.

You will then see the LARS login screen.

Enter your full LPL email address (e.g., cleopatra@lpl.arizona.edu) and your Res Scheduler password.
Click Log In.

Academics

The University of Arizona requires that doctoral students complete a minor program of study consisting of at least 9 units. Graduate students in the Department of Planetary Sciences should choose a minor subject in consultation with their research advisor. Common minor subjects include:

Students should consult the minor department regarding the minor program requirements.

Please review the Graduate College policy on transfer credit. Students who wish to transfer to the Ph.D. program must submit the admission application for the University of Arizona and the Department of Planetary Sciences.

Graduate credit earned at other approved institutions may be counted toward the requirements of a doctoral degree, but will not be included in the calculation of the University of Arizona G.P.A. Transferred units are subject to the following restrictions:

  • The credits must be approved by the major or minor department and the Graduate College.
  • The minimum grade for transferred credits must be an A or B or the equivalent at the institution where course was taken.
  • Transferred units may not count toward more than one doctorate.
  • A maximum of 30 units of transfer coursework may be used toward the Ph.D requirements. Students who wish to transfer credit must submit a Transfer Credit form in GradPath before the end of their first year of study to have the courses evaluated for transfer eligibility.

 

Please review the Graduate College policy regarding degree requirements or contact Mary Guerrieri, mary@lpl.arizona.edu.

Financial

If you are receiving salary or wages from the University of Arizona, you can establish Direct Deposit from UAccess Employee/Manager Self Service. Once logged in using your netID, to to Self Service (under Main Menu), then Payroll and Compensation, then Direct Deposit.

If you are a student who is not receiving salary or wages, you can establish Direct Deposit from your UAccess Student Center account.

  • Once logged in using your netID:
  • Click on the Account Inquiry link (under the Finances / My Account)
  • Click on the Web Refund Enrollment tab
  • Enter your direct deposit information
  • Click Enroll

Although we cannot make any guarantee, it is the department's intention to provide up to five (5) years of financial support towards completion of the Ph.D., contingent upon availability of funding and the student's making satisfactory academic progress and remaining in good academic standing with the department/University. Normally, this support will be provided in either the form of a half-time (20 hours per week, .50 FTE) Graduate Research Assistantship (GRA) or a half-time Graduate Teaching Assistantship (GTA). Current GA/TA salary information is available from Mary Guerrieri (mary@lpl.arizona.edu, 520-621-2828). Most of our students supplement this support by working full time on research projects during the summer (with a GRA appointment). It is the policy of the department to provide students who receive an outside fellowship or scholarship with sufficient support in assistantships so that the total benefits package will be at least comparable to that of someone with a .50 FTE GTA or GRA who receives a summer GRA stipend.

Information about RA/TA benefits, including tuition remission, health insurance, etc., is available online from the Graduate College.

Please review information from the tuition and fees calculator from the Bursar's office or contact Mary Guerrieri, mary@lpl.arizona.edu.

General

LPL Journal Club is held on Fridays at 4:00p.m. in Kuiper Space Sciences 309. Each week, there is a speaker who presents a current topic or paper for informal discussion.

LPL Coffee Klatsch is an informal gathering of faculty, students, and staff at LPL. Coffee and snacks are provided. It's a great time to take a break and catch up with what's happening in the department. Coffee Klatsch usually happens on Wednesday at 3:30p.m. in Kuiper Space Sciences 309.

Information about obtaining a UA CatCard is here: http://www.catcard.arizona.edu/obtain_catcard.  You will need a CatCard before obtaining keys to an office in Kuiper or Sonett.

To obtain your CatCard you must visit the CatCard Office located in the Student Union. Please be prepared with the following:

  • A government or state issued photograph identification such as a driver's license, state identification card, or passport. High school issued identification is NOT accepted as valid identification.
  • A completed and signed CatCard Terms and Conditions Form
  • Students and affiliates pay $25 for their first card.
  • Faculty and staff are issued their first CatCard free of charge.

Please Note: When you apply for your CatCard, you will need to provide your student or employee identification number to verify your status at the University of Arizona. This information is needed because only students, faculty, staff, and some affiliates of the University of Arizona are eligible to receive a CatCard. This number will not appear on the face of your CatCard, but it will be encoded electronically on your card, to be used for necessary UA internal purposes only. The number will not be provided to outside entities without your prior consent.

Requirements

  • Students must be enrolled in at least one class, or be participating in a New Student Orientation.
  • New employees must have been issued an employee identification number (EmplID) and show active status in the payroll system.