Desktop Environments

  • Right-click on the background.
  • Click Applications->Snapshot.
  • Click the radio button next to Snap Type: Screen.
  • Click Snap. After a moment, a big window will open that has an image of the desktop.
    This can be a bit disconcerting, as this big window looks exactly like a smaller version of the full screen.
  • Along the top of that window's menu bar, click File->Print. A print window will open.
    Click Print or Print Preview in that window. You'll probably need to play with the several
    Image Viewer options before you get a printout you like.

1) Download GhostScript
Go to

download gs800w32.exe and gsv43w32.exe to your desktop
(double-click and choose save, or right-click copy and paste).

2) Install GhostScript
Double click on the files you downloaded.

3) Copy the icons to your Desktop
click start->programs->ghostgum->gs view 4.3
right-click on gsview 4.3, send to desktop

4) Run the program
double-click on gsview 4.3 icon on desktop
click ok
click file
browse to the .ps file that you wish to display

1) Make a shortcut to Windows Explorer on your Desktop:
    * Click Start->Programs->Accessories.
    * Right-click Explorer.
    * Click Send To->Desktop.

2) Right-click the new Explorer shortcut icon, and select

3) Change the Target field
    from %SystemRoot%\explorer.exe
      to %SystemRoot%\explorer.exe /e,path

    (where "path" is the directory you want Explorer to open in,
including the drive.)

    For example, to open automatically in c:\bob\dobbs, add
" /e,c:\bob\dobbs" (no quotes) to the Target field.

4) You can have several Explorer shortcuts on your desktop, each
opening to a different directory.

If set up correctly in the remote desktop program, either by the correct option on the command line, or by selection the correct option menues, sound from the terminal server should be delivered to the local machine (the one you are sitting in front of). If the connection is correct, you should hear the normal Windows chimes when you log into the terminal server.

Control of the volume is primarily done on the local machine, but some control is also done on the remote machine. For instance, to select the audio to come from the headphone jack on a SunRay, use the Solaris Audio Control option under CDE Applications and select Headphones. On a PC or Mac, use the normal audio controls. 

Unix - Suns, including SunRays, and Linux:

Connect using the "rdesktop" program. Generally useful options include:

  • -r sound:local redirect sound to local machine
  • -a 16 set color bit depth of display 8|15|16|24
  • -f run in full screen mode
  • -g 1024x768 set the display geometry to 1024x768

A typical command might be:

rdesktop -a 16 -g 1024x768 -r sound:local
rdesktop -a 16 -g 1024x768 -r sound:local


Microsoft's Remote Desktop Connection is installed on many of the LPL Macs, or is available from under Downloads. Running the RDC program asks for the name of the remote computer, here that would be or, and clicking the Options tab will allow the user to set options, such as display size, and sound handling.

Other Windows Boxes

To connect to the terminal server from a PC running Windows:

Select Start
Select All Programs
Select Accessories
Select Communications
Select Remote Desktop Connection

The program will ask for the name of the remote machine to which to connect; here it would be or When you log into the terminal servers, under any enviroment, it will prompt you for a user name and password. Make sure you are on the AD domain and proceed to enter your AD Username/Password combination. In addition, the Options button can be use to set options such as the display size and sound control. 

The two Windows Terminal Servers, called and, are computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system. These servers are available for use from remote machines. This allows users who may have another machine on their desktop the ability to run applications which are only available on Windows machines. 

Current software installed includes:

Program TS1 Terminalserver2 TS3
Adobe Bridge   X CS3
Adobe Designer   v7.0  
Adobe Distiller   v 7.0 v 8.0
Adobe GoLive   CS2  
Adobe ImageReady   CS2  
Adobe Illustrator   CS2  
Adobe InDesign   CS2  
Adobe Photoshop   CS2  
Adobe Reader 8.0 X X X
CorelDRAW Graphics Suite X3 X X X
Cygwin X X X
EndNote X X X
Firefox X X X
Ghostgum X X X
Ghostscript X X X
Gtk+ X X X
Macromedia Contribute   v 3 CS3
Macromedia Dreamweaver   v 8.0 CS3
Macromedia Fireworks   v 8.0 CS3
Macromedia Flash   v 8.0  
Macromedia Flash Video Encoder   v 8.0  
Macromedia Flash Player   v 8.0  
Maple 11   X  
Mathematica   v 5.2 v 6.0
OfficePro 2003 X X X 2.0   X  
PDF Creator X X X
Picasa 2 X X X
Pidgin X X X
QuickTime Player X X X
RealPlayer   X  
RGA 3.0 X X X
SciFinder Scholar 2006 X X X
Scion Image X X X
SPSS 15.0 X X X
SRIM 2006 X X X
SSH   X  
Starry Night   X  
Thunderbird X X X
WinEdt X X X
WinSCP 3 X X X

If there is a package you would like to have considered for installation, send a note to sys. 

The configurations for the different servers can be found in the following table

Machine IP Model Serial Warranty
Processor OS Memory Disk Space/
Space Available
Bebop Penguin 
Altus 1000E
P0430023 07/31/2007 Opteron 2 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
1GB 74/68 AD Domain Contrller
Bizserv Gateway 
0039031800 04/16/2010 Opteron 1.8 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
2GB C-30/15 
Academic and Business office file server 
Roamin g Profiles for Business/Academic Office
Equatracsrv Gateway 
0034672730 12/21/2007 Celeron 2.6 Ghz Server 2003
512MB 34/29 Equitrac Office
Improv Sunfire 
0623FU2009   Opteron 2.21 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
1GB 74/68 AD Domain Controller
Libsrv Gateway 
0039031797 05/14/2010 Opteron 2.8 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
8GB 68/59 Library World data files and llS
Maddox Gateway 
0038656216 01/30/2010 Xeon 1.6 Ghz Server 2003
1GB C-50/40 
AD File Server
Mozart Penguin 
Altus 1000E
P0430007 07/31/2007 Opteron 2 Ghz Server 2003
1GB 74/51 AD Domain Contrller,Sophos
Phxad       Opteron 2.39 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
2GB 279/272 PHXADS Domain Controller
Sciad Sunfire     Opteron 2.59 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
8GB 67/58 PHXADS Domain Controller
TS1 Gateway 975 0034968157 03/02/2008 Xeon 3.06 Ghz Server 2003
Enterprise R2
3GB C-34/29 
AD Terminal Server
TS3 Gateway 
0039031799 04/06/2010 Dual-Core
Opteron 1.8 Ghz
Server 2003
Enterprise R2
2GB 67/61 AD Terminal Server

The SunRays are thin client machines which provide a display and input interface (keyboard and mouse) to a SunRay server system. Currently the LPL SunRay server is running Solaris and is called The SunRays also provide:

  • Audio output to build in speaker and/or headphones
  • Security via use of a SmartCard, such as a CATS card
  • Local access to USB flash drives


Many programs will work with the default audio setup from the SunRays, using the builtin speaker. For other programs, which expect to use the Unix device /dev/audio, may need to be explicitly given the output device $AUDIODEV. For example: play -d $DEVAUDIO sound.wav.

The audio is controled by the Audio Control tool. This tool should be available from the desktop. If using CDE, right click on the desktop, choose Applications and select the Audio Control option. This control panel allows the user to set the output volume as well as location (the Master Outputmay appear grayed out, but it should still function).


As a security measure, the SunRays can use a SmartCard to allow access to a session. The UofA CAT Card has a SmartCard chip which can be used with the SunRays. By inserting a CAT Card into the slot on the SunRay only that user can access a session. By pulling out the card, the session is disconnected. The user can then go to another SunRay, insert the card into that system, and re-establish the same connection. (Or come back to the original system, eg. after lunch.) Meanwhile another user can use the same SunRay for another session.

A SmartCard is not required to use the SunRay. It simply provides another level of security (a user needs both the account/password, as well as the card) as well as more functionallity (the ability to "move" a session to a new SunRay).

USB Flash Drives

The use of USB flash drives, aka pen drives, aka thumb drives, aka those little do-dads, can easily be use with the SunRays. Simply inserting the drive into one of the USB connectors on the back of the unit, the disk should be mounted on the SunRay server (wanachenee). The drive will be mounted with a name something like:


The owner of the USB file system will be set to the owner of the current SunRay session.

Modifying Display Settings

The command to adjust the display parameters on the SunRays is /opt/SUNWut/bin/utxconfig. In particular, you can use the "-l" option to see the current settings and "-r WIDTHxHEIGHT" options to modify the settings. (setenv MANPATH /opt/SUNWut/man; man utxconfig for more info)

Changes will only restart once the X-server restarts. That means that you at least need to log off on the SunRay. You might need to reboot.

To connect to the LPL Windows terminal server from a Sun Ray client, use /usr/local/bin/rdesktop. To specify the geometry so that your local window manager will control the window and allow me to minimize the connection, issue the following UNIX command: rdesktop -g 1024x768 -a 16 -r sound:local terminalserver

The /opt/SUNWut directory is where the SunRay server stuff lives, so, in a pinch, that's a good place to look for answers.

If you are running Redhat Linux, you can add a network printers as follows:

  1. Find the IP address of the printer that you wish to add.

    To find the printer's IP address, ping it by name from a Linux shell window.

    The printers in room 331 are called hp4300-331 and hp4600-331.

    The HP-4500 color printer in room 509H is called hp4500-509h.

  2. Login as root.

  3. Add the printer.

    To add an LPL printer to a Redhat linux machine:
    If using the gnome GUI:
    Click foot->programs->system->printer configuration.
    If using kde:
    Regardless of GUI type, proceed with:
    Click New.
    Click Next.
    Click the radio button next to JetDirect Printer JETDIRECT.
    Enter the name of the printer in Queue Name window.
    Click Next.
    Enter the printer's IP address in the Printer IP window.
    Click Next.
    Click Postscript Printer (top of list).
    Click Next.
    Click Finish.
    Click Apply.
    Click the row for the new printer in the list of printers.
    Click Test->US Letter Postscript Testpage.
    To add a PIRL printer to a Redhat linux machine:
    If using the gnome GUI:
    Click Foot_or_Redhat->Programs->System->Printer Configuration.
    If using KDE:
    Click K->System->Printer Configuration.
    Regardless of GUI type, proceed with:
    Click New.
    Click Next.
    Click radio button next to Unix Printer LPD.
    enter name of printer in Queue Name window.
    Click Next.
    type pirlprinters in Server window.
    type name of printer in Queue window.
    Click Next.
    Click Postscript Printer (top of list).
    Click Next.
    Click Finish.
    Click Apply.
    Click the row for the new printer in the list of printers.
    Click Test->US Letter Postscript Testpage.


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