PTYS/LPL Faculty

Kuiper 411

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Joe Giacalone

Professor

Ph.D. 1991, University of Kansas

Years with LPL: 1993 to present

Solar and Heliospheric Research, Theoretical Astrophysics, Parker Solar Probe, Astrophysics

Dr. Giacalone's core research interests include understanding the origin, acceleration, and propagation of cosmic rays, and other charged-particle species in the magnetic fields of space, and general topics in space plasma physics, and astrophysics.

He develops physics-based theoretical and computational models which are used to interpret in situ spacecraft observations. He is interested in the general properties of solar, interplanetary, and galactic magnetic fields.

Currently, he is studying the origin of large solar-energetic particle events (a.k.a. solar cosmic rays) which involves a number of diverse aspects of solar physics and space physics. He has written papers describing the propagation of solar-flare particles from the Sun to the Earth where they are observed by spacecraft such as ACE, Ulysses, Wind, etc.

He is also interested in the general topic of particle acceleration in astrophysical plasmas.

Current Grants

  • A Multi-spacecraft Approach to Understand the Spectral and Temporal Evolution in Large Solar Energetic Particle Events, NASA Living With a Star Program, Co-Investigator
  • High-Energy Particle Acceleration by Extreme Coronal Shocks, NASA Living With a Star Program, Co-Investigator
  • Tracking Mechanisms Efficiently Accelerating Charged Particles at Shocks at Multiple Heliospheric Distances out to 1.5AU, NASA Living With a Star Program, Co-Investigator
  • Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun for NASA's Parker Solar Probe Mission, Co-Investigator
  • Collaborative Research: Electron Acceleration and Emissions from the Solar Flare Termination Shock, National Science Foundation, Division of Atmospheric and Geospace sciences, Co-Investigator
  • NASA's Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP), Co-Investigator
  • Collaborative Research: Transport Processes Affecting High-Energy Solar Energetic Particles Observed at Earth, National Science Foundation, Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences, Principal Investigator
  • "Our Heliospheric Shield" a NASA Drive Center, Co-Investigator
  • Numerical Modeling of SEP Acceleration at Evolving Coronal Shocks, NASA/Goddard, Principal Investigator
  • Energetics of Solar Eruptions from the Chromosphere to the Inner Heliosphere, NASA Systems Observatory Connect Program, Co-Investigator

Current Spacecraft Involvement

Former Spacecraft Involvement

  • Ulysses

Current Graduate Students

Former Students

  • Thomas Schad, 2013 (Ph.D. PTYS)
  • Fan Guo, 2012 (Ph.D. PTYS)
  • Eileen Chollet, 2008 (Ph.D. PTYS)

Current Postdocs

Former Postdocs

  • Federico Fraschetti
  • Vincent Luo
  • David Smith

 

Complete publications list available from: NASA ADS Author search: Joe Giacalone

Recent refereed publications (NASA ADS): Years 2019 through June 2021

Joyce, C. J., McComas, D. J., Schwadron, N. A., Vourlidas, A., Christian, E. R., McNutt, R. L., Cohen, C. M. S., Leske, R. A., Mewaldt, R. A., Stone, E. C., Mitchell, D. G., Hill, M. E., Roelof, E. C., Allen, R. C., Szalay, J. R., Rankin, J. S., Desai, M. I., Giacalone, J., Matthaeus, W. H., Niehof, J. T., de Wet, W., Winslow, R. M., Bale, S. D., & Kasper, J. C. 2021, Astronomy and Astrophysics. Energetic particle evolution during coronal mass ejection passage from 0.3 to 1 AU

Joyce, C. J., McComas, D. J., Schwadron, N. A., Christian, E. R., Wiedenbeck, M. E., McNutt, R. L., Cohen, C. M. S., Leske, R. A., Mewaldt, R. A., Stone, E. C., Labrador, A. W., Davis, A. J., Cummings, A. C., Mitchell, D. G., Hill, M. E., Roelof, E. C., Allen, R. C., Szalay, J. R., Rankin, J. S., Desai, M. I., Giacalone, J., Matthaeus, W. H., Bale, S. D., & Kasper, J. C. 2021, Astronomy and Astrophysics. Time evolution of stream interaction region energetic particle spectra in the inner heliosphere

Bandyopadhyay, R., Matthaeus, W. H., McComas, D. J., Joyce, C. J., Szalay, J. R., Christian, E. R., Giacalone, J., Schwadron, N. A., Mitchell, D. G., Hill, M. E., McNutt, R. L., Desai, M. I., Bale, S. D., Bonnell, J. W., Dudok de Wit, T., Goetz, K., Harvey, P. R., MacDowall, R. J., Malaspina, D. M., Pulupa, M., Kasper, J. C., & Stevens, M. 2021, Astronomy and Astrophysics. Energetic particle behavior in near-Sun magnetic field switchbacks from PSP

Chhiber, R., Matthaeus, W. H., Cohen, C. M. S., Ruffolo, D., Sonsrettee, W., Tooprakai, P., Seripienlert, A., Chuychai, P., Usmanov, A. V., Goldstein, M. L., McComas, D. J., Leske, R. A., Szalay, J. R., Joyce, C. J., Cummings, A. C., Roelof, E. C., Christian, E. R., Mewaldt, R. A., Labrador, A. W., Giacalone, J., Schwadron, N. A., Mitchell, D. G., Hill, M. E., Wiedenbeck, M. E., McNutt, R. L., & Desai, M. I. 2021, Astronomy and Astrophysics. Magnetic field line random walk and solar energetic particle path lengths. Stochastic theory and PSP/IS⊙IS observations

Schwadron, N. A., Joyce, C. J., Aly, A., Cohen, C. M. S., Desai, M. I., McComas, D. J., Niehof, J. T., Möbius, E., Lee, M., Bower, J., Bale, S., Case, A., Christian, E. R., Davis, A. J., de Wet, W., Goetz, K., Giacalone, J., Hill, M. E., Allen, R., Kasper, J. C., Korreck, K., Leske, R. A., Malandraki, O., Matthaeus, W. H., McNutt, R. L., Mewaldt, R. A., Mitchell, D. G., Pulupa, M., Rankin, J. S., Roelof, E. C., Stone, E. C., Szalay, J. R., & Wiedenbeck, M. E. 2021, Astronomy and Astrophysics. A new view of energetic particles from stream interaction regions observed by Parker Solar Probe

Cohen, C. M. S., Christian, E. R., Cummings, A. C., Davis, A. J., Desai, M. I., de Nolfo, G. A., Giacalone, J., Hill, M. E., Joyce, C. J., Labrador, A. W., Leske, R. A., Matthaeus, W. H., McComas, D. J., McNutt, R. L., Mewaldt, R. A., Mitchell, D. G., Mitchell, J. G., Rankin, J. S., Roelof, E. C., Schwadron, N. A., Stone, E. C., Szalay, J. R., Wiedenbeck, M. E., Vourlidas, A., Bale, S. D., Pulupa, M., & MacDowall, R. J. 2021, Astronomy and Astrophysics. Parker Solar Probe observations of He/H abundance variations in SEP events inside 0.5 au

Giacalone, J. 2021, The Astrophysical Journal The Transport Equation for the Dispersal of Passive Tracers in a Nonuniform Turbulent Fluid: Numerical Simulations

Giacalone, J., Nakanotani, M., Zank, G. P., Kòta, J., Opher, M., Richardson, J. D. 2021, The Astrophysical Journal Hybrid Simulations of Interstellar Pickup Protons Accelerated at the Solar-wind Termination Shock at Multiple Locations

Guo, F., Giacalone, J., Zhao, L. 2021, Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences Shock Propagation and Associated Particle Acceleration in the Presence of Ambient Solar-Wind Turbulence

Fraschetti, F. & Giacalone, J. 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Bi-directional streaming of particles accelerated at the STEREO-A shock on 2008 March 9

Kong, Xiangliang, Guo, Fan, Shen, Chengcai, Chen, Bin, Chen, Yao, & Giacalone, Joe 2020, The Astrophysical Journal. Dynamical Modulation of Solar Flare Electron Acceleration due to Plasmoid-shock Interactions in the Looptop Region

Nakanotani, M., Zank, G. P., Adhikari, L., Zhao, L. -L., Giacalone, J., Opher, M., & Richardson, J. D. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal. The Downwind Solar Wind: Model Comparison with Pioneer 10 Observations

Horbury, T. S., O'Brien, H., Carrasco Blazquez, I., Bendyk, M., Brown, P., Hudson, R., Evans, V., Oddy, T. M., Carr, C. M., Beek, T. J., Cupido, E., Bhattacharya, S., Dominguez, J. -A., Matthews, L., Myklebust, V. R., Whiteside, B., Bale, S. D., Baumjohann, W., Burgess, D., Carbone, V., Cargill, P., Eastwood, J., Erdös, G., Fletcher, L., Forsyth, R., Giacalone, J., Glassmeier, K. -H., Goldstein, M. L., Hoeksema, T., Lockwood, M., Magnes, W., Maksimovic, M., Marsch, E., Matthaeus, W. H., Murphy, N., Nakariakov, V. M., Owen, C. J., Owens, M., Rodriguez-Pacheco, J., Richter, I., Riley, P., Russell, C. T., Schwartz, S., Vainio, R., Velli, M., Vennerstrom, S., Walsh, R., Wimmer-Schweingruber, R. F., Zank, G., Müller, D., Zouganelis, I., & Walsh, A. P. 2020, Astronomy and Astrophysics. The Solar Orbiter magnetometer

Giacalone, J. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal. Erratum: "The Acceleration of Charged Particles at a Spherical Shock Moving through an Irregular Magnetic Field" (2017, ApJ, 848, 123)

Giacalone, J. & Jokipii, J. R. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal. Erratum: "A New Model for the Heliosphere's 'IBEX Ribbon'" (2017, ApJL, 812, L9)

Dalla, S., de Nolfo, G. A., Bruno, A., Giacalone, J., Laitinen, T., Thomas, S., Battarbee, M., & Marsh, M. S. 2020, Astronomy and Astrophysics. 3D propagation of relativistic solar protons through interplanetary space

Hill, M. E., Mitchell, D. G., Allen, R. C., de Nolfo, G. A., Vourlidas, A., Brown, L. E., Jones, S. I., McComas, D. J., McNutt, R. L., Mitchell, J. G., Szalay, J. R., Wallace, S., Arge, C. N., Christian, E. R., Cohen, C. M. S., Crew, A. B., Desai, M. I., Giacalone, J., Henney, C. J., Joyce, C. J., Krimigis, S. M., Leske, R. A., Mewaldt, R. A., Nelson, K. S., Roelof, E. C., Schwadron, N. A., & Wiedenbeck, M. E. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Small, Low-energy, Dispersive Solar Energetic Particle Events Observed by Parker Solar Probe

Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa, Szabo, Adam, Korreck, Kelly E., Alzate, Nathalia, Balmaceda, Laura A., Lavraud, Benoit, Paulson, Kristoff, Narock, Ayris A., Wallace, Samantha, Jian, Lan K., Luhmann, Janet G., Morgan, Huw, Higginson, Aleida, Arge, Charles N., Bale, Stuart D., Case, Anthony W., Dudfok de Wit, Thierry, Giacalone, Joe, Goetz, Keith, Harvey, Peter R., Jones-Melosky, Shaela I., Kasper, J. C., Larson, Davin E., Livi, Roberto, McComas, David J., MacDowall, Robert J., Malaspina, David M., Pulupa, Marc, Raouafi, Nour E., Schwadron, Nathan, Stevens, Michael Louis, & Whittlesey, Phyllis L. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Analysis of the Internal Structure of the Streamer Blowout Observed by the Parker Solar Probe During the First Solar Encounter

Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi, Matthaeus, W. H., Parashar, T. N., Chhiber, R., Ruffolo, D., Goldstein, M. L., Maruca, B. A., Chasapis, A., Qudsi, R., McComas, D. J., Christian, E. R., Szalay, J. R., Joyce, C. J., Giacalone, J., Schwadron, N. A., Mitchell, D. G., Hill, M. E., Wiedenbeck, M. E., McNutt, R. L., Desai, M. I., Bale, Stuart D., Bonnell, J. W., de Wit, Thierry Dudok, Goetz, Keith, Harvey, Peter R., MacDowall, Robert J., Malaspina, David M., Pulupa, Marc, Velli, M., Kasper, J. C., Korreck, K. E., Stevens, M., Case, A. W., & Raouafi, N. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Observations of Energetic-particle Population Enhancements along Intermittent Structures near the Sun from the Parker Solar Probe

Mitchell, D. G., Giacalone, J., Allen, R. C., Hill, M. E., McNutt, R. L., McComas, D. J., Szalay, J. R., Schwadron, N. A., Rouillard, A. P., Bale, S. B., Chaston, C. C., Pulupa, M. P., Whittlesey, P. L., Kasper, J. C., MacDowall, R. J., Christian, E. R., Wiedenbeck, M. E., & Matthaeus, W. H. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. CME-associated Energetic Ions at 0.23 au: Consideration of the Auroral Pressure Cooker Mechanism Operating in the Low Corona as a Possible Energization Process

Desai, M. I., Mitchell, D. G., Szalay, J. R., Roelof, E. C., Giacalone, J., Hill, M. E., McComas, D. J., Christian, E. R., Schwadron, N. A., McNutt, R. L., Wiedenbeck, M. E., Joyce, C., Cohen, C. M. S., Ebert, R. W., Dayeh, M. A., Allen, R. C., Davis, A. J., Krimigis, S. M., Leske, R. A., Matthaeus, W. H., Malandraki, O., Mewaldt, R. A., Labrador, A., Stone, E. C., Bale, S. D., Pulupa, M., MacDowall, R. J., & Kasper, J. C. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Properties of Suprathermal-through-energetic He Ions Associated with Stream Interaction Regions Observed over the Parker Solar Probe's First Two Orbits

Wiedenbeck, M. E., Bučík, R., Mason, G. M., Ho, G. C., Leske, R. A., Cohen, C. M. S., Christian, E. R., Cummings, A. C., Davis, A. J., Desai, M. I., Giacalone, J., Haggerty, D. K., Hill, M. E., Joyce, C. J., Labrador, A. W., Malandraki, O., Matthaeus, W. H., McComas, D. J., McNutt, R. L., Mewaldt, R. A., Mitchell, D. G., Posner, A., Rankin, J. S., Roelof, E. C., Schwadron, N. A., Stone, E. C., Szalay, J. R., Bale, S. D., Case, A. W., Kasper, J. C., Korreck, K. E., Larson, D. E., MacDowall, R. J., Pulupa, M., & Stevens, M. L. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. <SUP>3</SUP>He-rich Solar Energetic Particle Observations at the Parker Solar Probe and near Earth

Joyce, C. J., McComas, D. J., Christian, E. R., Schwadron, N. A., Wiedenbeck, M. E., McNutt, R. L., Cohen, C. M. S., Leske, R. A., Mewaldt, R. A., Stone, E. C., Labrador, A. W., Davis, A. J., Cummings, A. C., Mitchell, D. G., Hill, M. E., Roelof, E. C., Szalay, J. R., Rankin, J. S., Desai, M. I., Giacalone, J., & Matthaeus, W. H. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Energetic Particle Observations from the Parker Solar Probe Using Combined Energy Spectra from the IS☉IS Instrument Suite

Leske, R. A., Christian, E. R., Cohen, C. M. S., Cummings, A. C., Davis, A. J., Desai, M. I., Giacalone, J., Hill, M. E., Joyce, C. J., Krimigis, S. M., Labrador, A. W., Malandraki, O., Matthaeus, W. H., McComas, D. J., McNutt, R. L., Mewaldt, R. A., Mitchell, D. G., Posner, A., Rankin, J. S., Roelof, E. C., Schwadron, N. A., Stone, E. C., Szalay, J. R., Wiedenbeck, M. E., Vourlidas, A., Bale, S. D., MacDowall, R. J., Pulupa, M., Kasper, J. C., Allen, R. C., Case, A. W., Korreck, K. E., Livi, R., Stevens, M. L., Whittlesey, P., & Poduval, B. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Observations of the 2019 April 4 Solar Energetic Particle Event at the Parker Solar Probe

Schwadron, N. A., Bale, S., Bonnell, J., Case, A., Christian, E. R., Cohen, C. M. S., Cummings, A. C., Davis, A. J., Dudok de Wit, T., de Wet, W., Desai, M. I., Joyce, C. J., Goetz, K., Giacalone, J., Gorby, M., Harvey, P., Heber, B., Hill, M. E., Karavolos, M., Kasper, J. C., Korreck, K., Larson, D., Livi, R., Leske, R. A., Malandraki, O., MacDowall, R., Malaspina, D., Matthaeus, W. H., McComas, D. J., McNutt, R. L., Mewaldt, R. A., Mitchell, D. G., Mays, L., Niehof, J. T., Odstrcil, D., Pulupa, M., Poduval, B., Rankin, J. S., Roelof, E. C., Stevens, M., Stone, E. C., Szalay, J. R., Wiedenbeck, M. E., Winslow, R., & Whittlesey, P. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Seed Population Preconditioning and Acceleration Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

Giacalone, J., Mitchell, D. G., Allen, R. C., Hill, M. E., McNutt, R. L., Szalay, J. R., Desai, M. I., Rouillard, A. P., Kouloumvakos, A., McComas, D. J., Christian, E. R., Schwadron, N. A., Wiedenbeck, M. E., Bale, S., Brown, L. E., Case, A., Chen, X., Cohen, C. M. S., Joyce, C., Kasper, J. C., Klein, K. G., Korreck, K., Larson, D. E., Livi, R., Leske, R. A., MacDowall, R. J., Matthaeus, W. H., Mewaldt, R. A., Nieves-Chinchilla, T., Pulupa, M., Roelof, E. C., Stevens, M. L., Szabo, A., & Whittlesey, P. L. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Solar Energetic Particles Produced by a Slow Coronal Mass Ejection at ∼0.25 au

Cohen, C. M. S., Christian, E. R., Cummings, A. C., Davis, A. J., Desai, M. I., Giacalone, J., Hill, M. E., Joyce, C. J., Labrador, A. W., Leske, R. A., Matthaeus, W. H., McComas, D. J., McNutt, R. L., Mewaldt, R. A., Mitchell, D. G., Rankin, J. S., Roelof, E. C., Schwadron, N. A., Stone, E. C., Szalay, J. R., Wiedenbeck, M. E., Allen, R. C., Ho, G. C., Jian, L. K., Lario, D., Odstrcil, D., Bale, S. D., Badman, S. T., Pulupa, M., MacDowall, R. J., Kasper, J. C., Case, A. W., Korreck, K. E., Larson, D. E., Livi, Roberto, Stevens, M. L., & Whittlesey, Phyllis 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Energetic Particle Increases Associated with Stream Interaction Regions

Zirnstein, E. J., Giacalone, J., Kumar, R., McComas, D. J., Dayeh, M. A., & Heerikhuisen, J. 2020, The Astrophysical Journal. Turbulence in the Local Interstellar Medium and the IBEX Ribbon

McComas, D. J., Christian, E. R., Cohen, C. M. S., Cummings, A. C., Davis, A. J., Desai, M. I., Giacalone, J., Hill, M. E., Joyce, C. J., Krimigis, S. M., Labrador, A. W., Leske, R. A., Malandraki, O., Matthaeus, W. H., McNutt, R. L., Mewaldt, R. A., Mitchell, D. G., Posner, A., Rankin, J. S., Roelof, E. C., Schwadron, N. A., Stone, E. C., Szalay, J. R., Wiedenbeck, M. E., Bale, S. D., Kasper, J. C., Case, A. W., Korreck, K. E., MacDowall, R. J., Pulupa, M., Stevens, M. L., & Rouillard, A. P. 2019, Nature. Probing the energetic particle environment near the Sun

Kong, Xiangliang, Guo, Fan, Shen, Chengcai, Chen, Bin, Chen, Yao, Musset, Sophie, Glesener, Lindsay, Pongkitiwanichakul, Peera, & Giacalone, Joe 2019, The Astrophysical Journal. The Acceleration and Confinement of Energetic Electrons by a Termination Shock in a Magnetic Trap: An Explanation for Nonthermal Loop-top Sources during Solar Flares

Wang, Xin, Giacalone, Joe, Yan, Yihua, Ding, Mingde, Li, Chuan, Lu, Hong, & Shan, Hao 2019, The Astrophysical Journal. Particle Acceleration at the Pileup Collision of the Twin Shock

Kong, Xiangliang, Guo, Fan, Chen, Yao, & Giacalone, Joe 2019, The Astrophysical Journal. The Acceleration of Energetic Particles at Coronal Shocks and Emergence of a Double Power-law Feature in Particle Energy Spectra

de Nolfo, G. A., Bruno, A., Ryan, J. M., Dalla, S., Giacalone, J., Richardson, I. G., Christian, E. R., Stochaj, S. J., Bazilevskaya, G. A., Boezio, M., Martucci, M., Mikhailov, V. V., & Munini, R. 2019, The Astrophysical Journal. Comparing Long-duration Gamma-Ray Flares and High-energy Solar Energetic Particles

Lario, D., Berger, L., Decker, R. B., Wimmer-Schweingruber, R. F., Wilson, L. B., Giacalone, J., & Roelof, E. C. 2019, The Astronomical Journal. Evolution of the Suprathermal Proton Population at Interplanetary Shocks

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