My main research focus is on understanding the origin and evolution of volatiles in the inner Solar System. I utilize a combination of electron microscopy and high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry techniques to study the mineralogy, geochemistry, and petrological histories of a wide range of extraterrestrial materials.
My group is currently engaged in a project under the umbrella of Apollo Next-Generation Sample Analysis (ANGSA). The release of sample 71036 presents a unique opportunity to study volatiles in a basalt that has been frozen and specially preserved since its return, and to compare those results with basalts of similar bulk chemistries that have been stored at room temperature. This exceptional suite of basalts also offers a chance to unravel the history of volatile loss on the Moon, from the onset of mineral crystallization through vesicle formation, sampling, and subsequent curation. This is a proposal requesting three years of funding to carry out a detailed study of the major, minor, and volatile element chemistry (including H isotopes) of H-bearing minerals and melt inclusions in four Apollo 17 basalts, and to determine the U-Pb and Ar ages of the basalts.
Other ongoing projects include investigating the petrology of igneous lunar samples, coordinated microanalysis of meteorites to investigate the evolution of water in the Martian crust, and studies aimed at assessing the inventories and origins of volatiles on primitive chondritic and achondritic asteroids.
View LPL Evening Lecture from September 18, 2019 - The Geological History of the Moon from the Perspective of Unopened Apollo Samples
- A Multifaceted Approach to Investigating the Magmatic and Post-magmatic History of Volatiles in Basalts from the Rim of Steno Crater - NASA (ANGSA)
Current Graduate Students
Complete publications list available from: NASA ADS Author Search: Jessica J. Barnes and https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=9zwCoSoAAAAJ&hl=en
Refereed publications (NASA ADS): Calendar Years 2018 through December 2019
Peslier, A. H., Hervig, R., Yang, S., Humayun, M., Barnes, J. J., Irving, A. J., Brandon, A. D. Determination of the water content and D/H ratio of the martian mantle by unraveling degassing and crystallization effects in nakhlites 2019GeCoA.266..382P
Barrett, T. J., Barnes, J. J., Anand, M., Franchi, I. A., Greenwood, R. C., Charlier, B. L. A., Zhao, X., Moynier, F., Grady, M. M. Investigating magmatic processes in the early Solar System using the Cl isotopic systematics of eucrites 2019GeCoA.266..582B
Barnes, J. J., Franchi, I. A., McCubbin, F. M., Anand, M. Multiple reservoirs of volatiles in the Moon revealed by the isotopic composition of chlorine in lunar basalts 2019GeCoA.266..144B
McCubbin, F. M., Barnes, J. J. Origin and abundances of H2O in the terrestrial planets, Moon, and asteroids 2019E&PSL.52615771M
Boyce, J. W., Kanee, S. A., McCubbin, F. M., Barnes, J. J., Bricker, H., Treiman, A. H. Early loss, fractionation, and redistribution of chlorine in the Moon as revealed by the low-Ti lunar mare basalt suite 2018E&PSL.500..205B
Potts, N. J., Barnes, J. J., Tartèse, R., Franchi, I. A., Anand, M. Chlorine isotopic compositions of apatite in Apollo 14 rocks: Evidence for widespread vapor-phase metasomatism on the lunar nearside ∼4 billion years ago 2018GeCoA.230...46P