PTYS/LPL Faculty

Joellen Russell

Astrobiology, Planetary Atmospheres, Titan & Outer Solar System, Planetary atmospheres, Titan & outer solar system, Geosciences, Planetary sciences, Hydrology & Atmospheric Sciences, Applied Math
Ph.D., 1999, Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Gould-Simpson 309

Years with LPL: 2012 to present


My research uses global climate and earth system models to simulate the climate and carbon cycle of the past, the present and the future, and develops observationally-based metrics to evaluate these simulations. I study the role of the westerly winds in the Earth's climate system. My main focus has been on the Southern Ocean, which accounts for up to half of the annual oceanic uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and for about 70% of the excess heat that is transferred from the atmosphere into the ocean each year. My other resdearch includes the role of orography in climate, the timing and causes of the last great deglaciation and the future of permafrost in the Arctic. I am the lead for the modeling theme of the Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling project (SOCCOM) including its Southern Ocean Model Intercomaprison Project (SOMIP). She currently serves as a member of the NOAA Science Advisory Board’s Climate Working Group, as an Objective Leader for the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research’s AntarcticClimate21, and on the National Center for Atmospheric Research’s Community Earth System Model Advisory Board. SInce 2017, I have served as the Thomas R. Brown Distinguished Chair of Integrative Science.

Current Grants

  • Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), "AntarcticClimate21" (with 5 other co-PIs), $120K, 7/1/2012-6/30/2018.
  • NSF "Southern Ocean Carbob and Climate Observations and Modeling (SOCCOM)", $2.4 M (sub-award from Princeton, total grant =$21 M), (Russell, Co-PI), 09/01/2014-08/31/2020
  • Partner Investigator, ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes, $30,050,000, (see 07/01/2017-6/30/2024
  • NSF (EAR) “Collaborative Research: Reconstructing Holocene Climate Change in the Southern Hemisphere from Southern Alps Mountain Glaciers and Tree Rings”; $47,244 (UA portion), Russell, Co-PI, 09/01/2019-8/31/2022
  • NSF (PLR, subaward through Princeton University) “Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling II (SOCCOM2)”; $923,000 (UA, ~$11M total), Russell, Co-PI; 09/01/2020-08/31/2024
  • NSF (EAR) “Collaborative Research: Timing of the Termination in Southernmost South America”; $31,188 (UA portion); Russell, Co-PI; 09/01/2020-08/31/2023

Former Students

  • Juan Lora, 2014 (Ph.D. PTYS)


Complete publications list available from: NASA ADS Author Search: Joellen L. Russell

Refereed publications (NASA ADS): Calendar Years 2016 through 2020

Bronselaer, B., J.L. Russell, M. Winton, N.L. Williams, R.M. Key, J.P. Dunne, R.A. Feely, K.S. Johnson and J.L. Sarmiento, 2020: Importance of wind and meltwater for observed chemical and physical changes in the Southern Ocean, Nature Geosciences, 13, 35-42.

Cohen, A., C. Campisano, J.R. Arrowsmith, A. Asrat, A.K. Behrensmeyer, A. Deino, C. Feibel, A. Hill, R. Johnson, J. Kingston, H. Lamb, T. Lowenstein, A. Noren, D. Olago, R.B. Owen, R. Potts, K. Reed, R. Renaut, F. Schäbitz, J.-J. Tiercelin, M.H. Trauth, J. Wynn, S. Ivory, K. Brady, R. O’Grady, J. Rodysill, J. Githiri, J.L. Russell, V. Foerster, R. Dommain, J.S. Rucina, D. Deocampo, J.M. Russell, A. Billingsley, C. Beck, G. Dorenbeck, L. Dullo, D. Feary, D. Garello, R. Gromig, T. Johnson, A. Junginger, M. Karanja, E. Kimburi, A. Mbuthia, T. McCartney, E. McNulty, V. Muiruri, E. Nambiro, E.W. Negash, D. Njagi, J.N. Wilson, N. Rabideaux, T. Raub, M.J. Sier, P. Smith, J. Urban, M. Warren, M. Yadeta, C. Yost and B. Zinaye, 2019: The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project, in Postprints der Universitat Potsdam: Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Reihe.

Chang, C.-C., G.S. Burr, A.J.T. Jull, J.L. Russell,A. Priyadarshi, M. Lin, M. Thiemens and D. Biddulph, 2019: Measurements of 129I in the Pacific Ocean at Scripps Pier and Pacific Northwest sites: A search for effects from the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and Hanford, Science of the Total Environment , 869, 1023-1029, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.372

Beadling, R.L., J.L. Russell, R.J. Stouffer, P.J. Goodman and M. Mazloff, 2019: Assessing the quality of Southern Ocean circulation in CMIP5 AOGCM and Earth System Model simulations, J. Climate, 32, 5915-5940,

Bracegirdle, T.J., F. Colleoni, N.J. Abram, N. Bertler, D.A. Dixon, M. England, V. Favier, C. Fogwill, J.C. Fyfe, I. Goodwin, H. Goosse, W. Hobbs, J.M. Jones, E.D. Keller, A. Khan, S.J. Phipps, M. Raphael, J.L. Russell, L. Sime, E.R. Thomas, M. van den Broeke and I. Wainer, 2019: Back to the Future: Using Long-Term Observational and Paleo-Proxy Reconstructions to Improve Model Projections of Antarctic Climate, Geosciences, 9, 255,

Eyring, V., P. Cox, G. Flato, P. Gleckler, G. Abramowitz, P. Caldwell, W. Collins, B. Gier, A. Hall, F. Hoffman, G. Hurtt, A. Jahn, C. Jones, S. Klein, J. Krasting, L. Kwiatkowski, R. Lorenz, E. Maloney, G. Meehl, A. Pendergrass, R. Pincus, A. Ruane, J.L. Russell, B. Sanderson, B. Santer, S. Sherwood, I. Simpson, R. Stouffer and M. Williamson, 2019: Taking climate model evaluation to the next level, Nature Climate Change, 9, 102–110,

Huntzinger, D.N., A. Chatterjee, D.J.P. Moore, S. Ohrel, T.O. West, B. Poulter, A.P. Walker, J. Dunne, S.R. Cooley, A.M. Michalak, M. Tzortziou, L. Bruhwiler, A. Rosenblatt, Y. Luo, P. J. Marcotullio and J.L. Russell, 2018: Chapter 19: Future of the North American carbon cycle. In Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report [Cavallaro, N., G. Shrestha, R. Birdsey, M.A. Mayes, R.G. Najjar, S.C. Reed, P. Romero-Lankao and Z. Zhu (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 760-809,

Fennel, K., S.R. Alin, L. Barbero, W. Evans, T. Bourgeois, S.R. Cooley, J. Dunne, R.A. Feely, J.M. Hernandez-Ayon, C. Hu, X. Hu, S.E. Lohrenz, F. Muller-Karger, R.G. Najjar, L. Robbins, J.L. Russell, E.H. Shadwick, S. Siedlecki, N. Steiner, D. Turk, P. Vlahos and Z.A. Wang, 2018: Chapter 16: Coastal ocean and continental shelves. In Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report [Cavallaro, N., G. Shrestha, R. Birdsey, M.A. Mayes, R.G. Najjar, S.C. Reed, P. Romero-Lankao and Z. Zhu (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 649-688,

Bronselaer, B., M. Winton, S.M. Griffies, W.J. Hurlin, K.B. Rodgers, O.V. Sergienko, R.J. Stouffer and J.L. Russell, 2018: Change in future climate due to freshwater from Antarctic ice melt, Nature, 564, 53-58.

Beadling, R.L., J.L. Russell, R.J. Stouffer and P.J. Goodman, 2018: Evaluation of subtropical North Atlantic ocean circulation in CMIP5 models against the observational array at 26.5°N and its changes under continued warming, J. Climate, 31, 9697–9718,

Gray, A.R., K.S. Johnson, S.M. Bushinsky, S.C. Riser, J.L. Russell, L.D. Talley, R. Wanninkhof, N.L. Williams and J.L Sarmiento, 2018: Autonomous Biogeochemical Floats Detect Significant Carbon Dioxide Outgassing in the High-Latitude Southern Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, 45.

Williams, N.L., L.W. Juranek, R.A. Feely, J.L. Russell, K.S. Johnson and B. Hales, 2018: Assessment of the carbonate chemistry seasonal cycles in the Southern Ocean from persistent observational platforms, J. Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123, 4833–4852.

Khan, A.L., T.J. Bracegirdle and J.L. Russell, 2018: Can we crack the climate code of the southern polar region?, Eos, 99,

Russell, J.L., I. Kamenkovich, C. Bitz, R. Ferrari, S.T. Gille, P.J. Goodman, R. Hallberg, K. Khazmutdinova, K. Johnson, I. Marinov, M. Mazloff, J.L. Sarmiento, K. Speer, L.D. Talley, and R. Wanninkhof, 2018: Metrics for the Evaluation of the Southern Ocean in Coupled Climate and Earth System Models, J. Geophysical Research – Oceans, 123, 3120-3143.

Russell, J.L., 2018: Ocean sensors can track progress on climate goals, Nature, 555, 287.

Bronselaer, B., M. Winton, J.L. Russell, C.L. Sabine and S. Khatiwala, 2017: Agreement of CMIP5 simulated and observed ocean anthropogenic CO2 uptake, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 12,298–12,305.  

Campisano, C.J., A.S. Cohen, J.R. Arrowsmith, A. Asrat, A.K. Behrensmeyer, E.T. Brown, A.L. Deino, D.M. Deocampo, C.S. Feibel, J.D. Kingston, H.F. Lamb, T.K. Lowenstein, A. Noren, D.O. Olago, R.B. Owen, J.D. Pelletier, R. Potts, K.E. Reed, R.W. Renaut, J.M. Russell, J.L. Russell, F. Schäbitz, J.R. Stone, M.H. Trauth and J.G. Wynn, 2017: The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project: High-Resolution Paleoclimate Records from the East African Rift System and Their Implications for Understanding the Environmental Context of Hominin Evolution, Paleoanthropology, 2017, 1-43, doi: 10.4207/PA.2017.ART104

Williams, N.L., L.W. Juranek, R.A. Feely, K.S. Johnson, J.L. Sarmiento, L.D. Talley, A.G. Dickson, A.R. Gray, R. Wanninkhof, J.L. Russell, S.C. Riser, and Y. Takeshita, 2017: Calculating surface ocean pCO2 from biogeochemical Argo floats equipped with pH: an uncertainty analysis, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31, DOI: 10.1002/2016GB005541

Naiman, Z., Goodman, P. J., Krasting, J. P., Malyshev, S. L., Russell, J. L., Stouffer, R. J., Wittenberg, A. T. V Impact of Mountains on Tropical Circulation in Two Earth System Models 2017JCli...30.4149N

Williams, N. L., Juranek, L. W., Feely, R. A., Johnson, K. S., Sarmiento, J. L., Talley, L. D., Dickson, A. G., Gray, A. R., Wanninkhof, R., Russell, J. L., Riser, S. C., Takeshita, Y. V Calculating surface ocean pCO2 from biogeochemical Argo floats equipped with pH: An uncertainty analysis 2017GBioC..31..591W

Williams, N. L., Juranek, L. W., Johnson, K. S., Feely, R. A., Riser, S. C., Talley, L. D., Russell, J. L., Sarmiento, J. L., Wanninkhof, R. V Empirical algorithms to estimate water column pH in the Southern Ocean 2016GeoRL..43.3415W

Cohen, A., Campisano, C., Arrowsmith, R., Asrat, A., Behrensmeyer, A. K., Deino, A., Feibel, C., Hill, A., Johnson, R., Kingston, J., Lamb, H., Lowenstein, T., Noren, A., Olago, D., Owen, R. B., Potts, R., Reed, K., Renaut, R., Schäbitz, F., Tiercelin, J.-J., Trauth, M. H., Wynn, J., Ivory, S., Brady, K., O'Grady, R., Rodysill, J., Githiri, J., Russell, J., Foerster, V., Dommain, R., Rucina, S., Deocampo, D., Russell, J., Billingsley, A., Beck, C., Dorenbeck, G., Dullo, L., Feary, D., Garello, D., Gromig, R., Johnson, T., Junginger, A., Karanja, M., Kimburi, E., Mbuthia, A., McCartney, T., McNulty, E., Muiruri, V., Nambiro, E., Negash, E. W., Njagi, D., Wilson, J. N., Rabideaux, N., Raub, T., Sier, M. J., Smith, P., Urban, J., Warren, M., Yadeta, M., Yost, C., Zinaye, B. V The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project: inferring the environmental context of human evolution from eastern African rift lake deposits 2016SciDr..21....1C

Bracegirdle, T. J., Bertler, N. A. N., Carleton, A. M., Ding, Q., Fogwill, C. J., Fyfe, J. C., Hellmer, H. H., Karpechko, A. Y., Kusahara, K., Larour, E., Mayewski, P. A., Meier, W. N., Polvani, L. M., Russell, J. L., Stevenson, S. L., Turner, J., van Wessem, J. M., van de Berg, W. J., Wainer, I. V A Multidisciplinary Perspective on Climate Model Evaluation For Antarctica 2016BAMS...97S..23B

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Last updated on January 29, 2020