PTYS/LPL Faculty

Bill Sandel

Senior Research Scientist (Retired)
Space plasmas, planetary atmospheres
Ph.D., 1972, Rice University

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Sonett 135B

Years with LPL: 1978 to present

Former Spacecraft Involvement

  • Voyager, UVS
  • Galileo, UVS/EUV
  • Deep Space 1, MICAS
  • Mars Express, SPICAM
  • Mars Express, ASPERA
  • Venus Express, SPICAV
  • Venus Express, ASPERA
  • Image, EUV

Sandel, B. R., et al. Altitude profiles of O2 on Mars from SPICAM stellar occultations2015Icar..252..154S

Feng, G., et al. Relative roles of local disturbance, current climate and paleoclimate in determining phylogenetic and functional diversity in Chinese forests2014BGeo...11.1361F

Lallement, R., Bertaux, J. L., Quémerais, E., Sandel, B. R. Galactic cosmic rays measured by UVS on Voyager 1 and the end of the modulation. Is the upwind heliopause a collapsed charge-exchange layer? 2014A&A...563A.108L

Koskinen, T. T., et al. The density and temperature structure near the exobase of Saturn from Cassini UVIS solar occultations 2013Icar..226.1318K

Capalbo, F. J., et al. Solar Occultation by Titan Measured by Cassini/UVIS2013ApJ...766L..16C

Sibanda, P., et al. Quantifying the azimuthal plasmaspheric density structure and dynamics inferred from IMAGE EUV 2012JGRA..11711204S

Menk, F. W., et al. The annual and longitudinal variations in plasmaspheric ion density2012JGRA..117.3215M

Lallement, R., Quémerais, E., Bertaux, J.-L., Sandel, B. R., Izmodenov, V. Voyager Measurements of Hydrogen Lyman-α Diffuse Emission from the Milky Way2011Sci...334.1665L

Koskinen, T. T., et al. The mesosphere and lower thermosphere of Titan revealed by Cassini/UVIS stellar occultations 2011Icar..216..507K

Sandel, B. R. Composition of the plasmasphere and implications for refilling2011GeoRL..3814104S

Quémerais, E., et al. Ultraviolet Glow from the Hydrogen Wall 2010ApJ...711.1257Q

Galvan, D. A., Moldwin, M. B., Sandel, B. R., Crowley, G. On the causes of plasmaspheric rotation variability: IMAGE EUV observations 2010JGRA..115.1214G

Spasojevic, M., Sandel, B. R. Global estimates of plasmaspheric losses during moderate disturbance intervals 2010AnGeo..28...27S

Darrouzet, F., et al. Plasmaspheric Density Structures and Dynamics: 
Properties Observed by the CLUSTER and IMAGE Missions 2009SSRv..145...55D

Quémerais, E., Lallement, R., Sandel, B. R., Clarke, J.T. Interplanetary Lyman α Observations: Intensities from Voyagers and Line Profiles from HST/STIS2009SSRv..143..151Q

Pryor, W., et al. Radiation transport of heliospheric Lyman-α from combined Cassini and Voyager data sets 2008A&A...491...21P

Galvan, D. A., Moldwin, M. B., Sandel, B. R. Diurnal variation in plasmaspheric He+inferred from extreme ultraviolet images 2008JGRA..113.9216G

Yizengaw, E., et al. The occurrence of ionospheric signatures of plasmaspheric plumes over different longitudinal sectors 2008JGRA..113.8318Y

Futaana, Y., et al. Mars Express and Venus Express multi-point observations of geoeffective solar flare events in December 2006 2008P&SS...56..873F

Mura, A., et al. ENA detection in the dayside of Mars: ASPERA-3 NPD statistical study2008P&SS...56..840M

Fedorov, A., et al. Comparative analysis of Venus and Mars magnetotails2008P&SS...56..812F

Galli, A., et al. First observation of energetic neutral atoms in the Venus environment2008P&SS...56..807G

Coates, A. J., et al. Ionospheric photoelectrons at Venus: Initial observations by ASPERA-4 ELS 2008P&SS...56..802C

Kallio, E., et al. The Venusian induced magnetosphere: A case study of plasma and magnetic field measurements on the Venus Express mission 2008P&SS...56..796K

Martinecz, C., et al. Location of the bow shock and ion composition boundaries at Venus—initial determinations from Venus Express ASPERA-4 2008P&SS...56..780M

Barabash, S., et al. The loss of ions from Venus through the plasma wake2007Natur.450..650B

Bertaux, J.-L., et al. A warm layer in Venus' cryosphere and high-altitude measurements of HF, HCl, H2O and HDO 2007Natur.450..646B

Clilverd, M. A., et al. Longitudinal and seasonal variations in plasmaspheric electron density: Implications for electron precipitation 2007JGRA..11211210C

Barabash, S., et al. The Analyser of Space Plasmas and Energetic Atoms (ASPERA-4) for the Venus Express mission 2007P&SS...55.1772B

Bertaux, J.-L., et al. SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere 2007P&SS...55.1673B

Sandel, B. R., Denton, M. H. Global view of refilling of the plasmasphere2007GeoRL..3417102S

Lin, C. S., et al. Magnetospheric Convection near a Drainage Plume2007JGRA..112.5216L

Rodgers, D. H., et al. Advanced Technologies Demonstrated by the Miniature Integrated Camera and Spectrometer (MICAS) Aboard Deep Space 12007SSRv..129..309R

Soobiah, Y., et al. Erratum to “Observations of magnetic anomaly signatures in Mars Express ASPERA-3 ELS data” [Icarus 182 (2006) 396 405] 2007Icar..187..623S

Goldstein, J., Sandel, B. R., Frey, H. U., Mende, S. B. Multiple plasmapause undulations observed by the IMAGE satellite on 20 March 2001 2007JASTP..69..322G

Foster, J. C., et al. On the relationship of SAPS to storm-enhanced density2007JASTP..69..303F

Grew, R. S., Menk, F. W., Clilverd, M. A., Sandel, B. R. Mass and electron densities in the inner magnetosphere during a prolonged disturbed interval2007GeoRL..34.2108G

Yamauchi, M., et al. IMF Direction Derived from Cycloid-Like Ion Distributions Observed by Mars Express 2006SSRv..126..239Y

Barabash, S., et al. The Analyzer of Space Plasmas and Energetic Atoms (ASPERA-3) for the Mars Express Mission 2006SSRv..126..113B

Quémerais, E., et al. Stellar occultations observed by SPICAM on Mars Express2006JGRE..111.9S04Q

Darrouzet, F., et al. Analysis of plasmaspheric plumes: CLUSTER and IMAGE observations 2006AnGeo..24.1737D

Kallio, E., et al. Energetic Neutral Atoms (ENA) at Mars: Properties of the hydrogen atoms produced upstream of the martian bow shock and implications for ENA sounding technique around non-magnetized planets 2006Icar..182..448K

Brinkfeldt, K., et al. First ENA observations at Mars: Solar-wind ENAs on the nightside2006Icar..182..439B

Gunell, H., et al. First ENA observations at Mars: Charge exchange ENAs produced in the magnetosheath 2006Icar..182..431G

Futaana, Y., et al. First ENA observations at Mars: ENA emissions from the martian upper atmosphere 2006Icar..182..424F

Futaana, Y., et al. First ENA observations at Mars: Subsolar ENA jet2006Icar..182..413F

Fränz, M., et al. Plasma intrusion above Mars crustal fields—Mars Express ASPERA-3 observations 2006Icar..182..406F

Soobiah, Y., et al. Observations of magnetic anomaly signatures in Mars Express ASPERA-3 ELS data 2006Icar..182..396S

Liemohn, M. W., et al. Numerical interpretation of high-altitude photoelectron observations 2006Icar..182..383L

Frahm, R. A., et al. Carbon dioxide photoelectron energy peaks at Mars2006Icar..182..371F

Winningham, J. D., et al. Electron oscillations in the induced martian magnetosphere2006Icar..182..360W

Kallio, E., et al. Ion escape at Mars: Comparison of a 3-D hybrid simulation with Mars Express IMA/ASPERA-3 measurements 2006Icar..182..350K

Dubinin, E., et al. Solar wind plasma protrusion into the martian magnetosphere: ASPERA-3 observations 2006Icar..182..343D

Dubinin, E., et al. Electric fields within the martian magnetosphere and ion extraction: ASPERA-3 observations 2006Icar..182..337D

Fedorov, A., et al. Structure of the martian wake 2006Icar..182..329F

Carlsson, E., et al. Mass composition of the escaping plasma at Mars2006Icar..182..320C

Lundin, R., et al. Ionospheric plasma acceleration at Mars: ASPERA-3 results2006Icar..182..308L

Goldstein, J., Sandel, B. R., Forrester, W. T., Thomsen, M. F., Hairston, M. R. Global plasmasphere evolution 22-23 April 2001 2005JGRA..11012218G

Gurgiolo, C., et al. Overlap of the plasmasphere and ring current: Relation to subauroral ionospheric heating 2005JGRA..11012217G

Goldstein, J., Burch, J. L., Sandel, B. R. Magnetospheric model of subauroral polarization stream 2005JGRA..110.9222G

Goldstein, J., Kanekal, S. G., Baker, D. N., Sandel, B. R. Dynamic relationship between the outer radiation belt and the plasmapause during March-May 20012005GeoRL..3215104G

Bertaux, J.-L., et al. Discovery of an aurora on Mars 2005Natur.435..790B

Goldstein, J., et al. Coupled response of the inner magnetosphere and ionosphere on 17 April 2002 2005JGRA..110.3205G

Bertaux, J.-L., et al. Nightglow in the Upper Atmosphere of Mars and Implications for Atmospheric Transport 2005Sci...307..566B

Foster, J. C., et al. Redistribution of the Stormtime Ionosphere and the Formation of a Plasmaspheric Bulge 2005GMS...159..277F

Brandt, P. C., et al. On the Relation Between Electric Fields in the Inner Magnetosphere Ring Current, Auroral Conductance, and Plasmapause Motion2005GMS...159..159B

Spasojevic, M., Thomsen, M. F., Chi, P. J., Sandel, B. R. Afternoon Subauroral Proton Precipitation Resulting from Ring Current-Plasmasphere Interaction2005GMS...159...85S

Goldstein, J., Sandel, B. R. The Global Pattern of Evolution of Plasmaspheric Drainage Plumes 2005GMS...159....1G

Bertaux, J.-L., et al. Global structure and composition of the martian atmosphere with SPICAM on Mars express 2005AdSpR..35...31B

Fuselier, S. A., et al. Generation of transient dayside subauroral proton precipitation2004JGRA..10912227F

Lundin, R., et al. Solar Wind-Induced Atmospheric Erosion at Mars: First Results from ASPERA-3 on Mars Express 2004Sci...305.1933L

Goldstein, J., Sandel, B. R., Hairston, M. R., Mende, S. B. Plasmapause undulation of 17 April 2002 2004GeoRL..3115801G

Vervack, R. J., Sandel, B. R., Strobel, D. F. Icarus,t91 New perspectives on Titan's upper atmosphere from a reanalysis of the Voyager 1 UVS solar occultations2004Icar..170...91V 2004 

Darrouzet, F., et al. Density structures inside the plasmasphere: Cluster observations2004AnGeo..22.2577D

Foster, J. C., Coster, A. J., Erickson, P. J., Rich, F. J., Sandel, B. R. Stormtime observations of the flux of plasmaspheric ions to the dayside cusp/magnetopause2004GeoRL..31.8809F

Green, J. L., et al. Association of kilometric continuum radiation with plasmaspheric structures 2004JGRA..109.3203G

Goldstein, J., et al. Simultaneous remote sensing and in situ observations of plasmaspheric drainage plumes 2004JGRA..109.3202G

Burch, J. L., Goldstein, J., Sandel, B. R. Cause of plasmasphere corotation lag2004GeoRL..31.5802B

Spasojević, M., et al. The link between a detached subauroral proton arc and a plasmaspheric plume 2004GeoRL..31.4803S

Reinisch, B. W., et al. Plasmaspheric mass loss and refilling as a result of a magnetic storm 2004JGRA..109.1202R

Buratti, B. J., et al. 9969 Braille: Deep Space 1 infrared spectroscopy, geometric albedo, and classification 2004Icar..167..129B

Britt, D. T., et al. The morphology and surface processes of Comet 19/P Borrelly2004Icar..167...45B

Soderblom, L. A., et al. Imaging Borrelly 2004Icar..167....4S

Goldstein, J., Wolf, R. A., Sandel, B. R., Reiff, P. H. Electric fields deduced from plasmapause motion in IMAGE EUV images 2004GeoRL..31.1801G

Goldstein, J., Sandel, B. R., Hairston, M. R., Reiff, P. H. Control of plasmaspheric dynamics by both convection and sub-auroral polarization stream2003GeoRL..30.2243G

Moldwin, M. B., Sandel, B. R., Thomsen, M. F., Elphic, R. C. Quantifying Global Plasmaspheric Images With in situ Observations 2003SSRv..109...47M

Sandel, B. R., Goldstein, J., Gallagher, D. L., Spasojevic, M. Extreme Ultraviolet Imager Observations of the Structure and Dynamics of the Plasmasphere2003SSRv..109...25S

QuéMerais, E., Bertaux, J.-L., Lallement, R., Sandel, B. R., Izmodenov, V. Voyager 1/UVS Lyman α glow data from 1993 to 2003: Hydrogen distribution in the upwind outer heliosphere 2003JGRA..108.8029Q

Clilverd, M. A., et al. In situ and ground-based intercalibration measurements of plasma density at L = 2.5 2003JGRA..108.1365C

Spasojević, M., et al. Global response of the plasmasphere to a geomagnetic disturbance 2003JGRA..108.1340S

Garcia, L. N., et al. Observations of the latitudinal structure of plasmaspheric convection plumes by IMAGE-RPI and EUV 2003JGRA..108.1321G

Skoug, R. M., et al. Tail-dominated storm main phase: 31 March 20012003JGRA..108.1259S

Goldstein, J., et al. Identifying the plasmapause in IMAGE EUV data using IMAGE RPI in situ steep density gradients 2003JGRA..108.1147G

Goldstein, J., et al. Overshielding event of 28-29 July 2000 2003GeoRL..30.1421G

Goldstein, J., Sandel, B. R., Forrester, W. T., Reiff, P. H. IMF-driven plasmasphere erosion of 10 July 2000 2003GeoRL..30.1146G

Brandt, P. C. et al. Global IMAGE/HENA observations of the ring current: Examples of rapid response to IMF and ring current-plasmasphere interaction2002JGRA..107.1359B 2002 

Boice, D. C., et al. The Deep Space 1 Encounter with Comet 19p/Borrelly2002EM&P...89..301B

Goldstein, J., et al. IMF-driven overshielding electric field and the origin of the plasmaspheric shoulder of May 24, 2000 2002GeoRL..29.1819G

Green, J. L., et al. On the origin of kilometric continuum 2002JGRA..107.1105G

Soderblom, L. A., et al. Observations of Comet 19P/Borrelly by the Miniature Integrated Camera and Spectrometer Aboard Deep Space 1 2002Sci...296.1087S

Sandel, B. R., et al. Initial results from the IMAGE Extreme Ultraviolet Imager2001GeoRL..28.1439S

Burch, J. L., et al. Views of Earth's Magnetosphere with the IMAGE Satellite2001Sci...291..619B

Burch, J. L., et al. Global dynamics of the plasmasphere and ring current during magnetic storms 2001GeoRL..28.1159B

Bertaux, J.-L., et al. The study of the martian atmosphere from top to bottom with SPICAM light on mars express 2000P&SS...48.1303B

Quémerais, E., Sandel, B. R., Bertaux, J. L., Lallement, R. Outer Heliosphere Ly-α Measurements: 1993 to 1998 2000Ap&SS.274..123Q

Herbert, F., Sandel, B. R. Azimuthal variation of ion density and electron temperature in the Io plasma torus 2000JGR...10516035H

Sandel, B. R., et al. The Extreme Ultraviolet Imager Investigation for the IMAGE Mission 2000SSRv...91..197S

Herbert, F., Sandel, B. R. Ultraviolet observations of Uranus and Neptune1999P&SS...47.1119H

Ajello, J., et al. Galileo orbiter ultraviolet observations of Jupiter aurora1998JGR...10320125A

Parkinson, C. D., Griffioen, E., McConnell, J. C., Gladstone, G. R., Sandel, B. R. He 584 Å Dayglow at Saturn: A Reassessment 1998Icar..133..210P

de Toma, G., Quémerais, E., Sandel, B. R. Long-Term Variation of the Interplanetary H Lyα Glow: Voyager UVS Measurements and Implications for the Solar H Lyα Irradiance1997ApJ...491..980D

Broadfoot, A. L., et al. <formula>N2 triplet band systems and atomic oxygen in the dayglow 1997JGR...10211567B

Knecht, D. J., et al. The Arizona airglow experiment as flown on four space-shuttle missions 1997AdSpR..19..627K

Volwerk, M., Brown, M. E., Dessler, A. J., Sandel, B. R. Evidence for short cooling time in the Io plasma torus 1997GeoRL..24.1147V

Quemerais, E., Sandel, B. R., de Toma, G. 26 Day Modulation of the Sky Background LY alpha Brightness: Estimating the Interplanetary Hydrogen Density1996ApJ...463..349Q

Quemerais, E., et al. Outer heliosphere Lymanα background derived from two-shock model hydrogen distributions: application to the Voyager UVS data.1996A&A...308..279Q

Yelle, R. V., et al. Structure of Jupiter's upper atmosphere: Predictions for Galileo1996JGR...101.2149Y

Pryor, W. R., et al. Latitude variations in interplanetary Lyman-α data from the Galileo EUVS modeled with solar He 1083 nm images 1996GeoRL..23.1893P

Taylor, M. H., et al. A comparison of the Voyager 1 ultraviolet spectrometer and plasma science measurements of the Io plasma torus 1995JGR...10019541T

Herbert, F., Sandel, B. R. Radial profiles of ion density and parallel temperature in the Io plasma torus during the Voyager 1 encounter 1995JGR...10019513H

Jaffel, L. B., Leers, V., Sandel, B. R. Dark auroral oval on Saturn discovered in Hubble Space Telescope ultraviolet images. 1995Sci...269..951J

Ben Jaffel, L., Leers, V., Sandel, B. R. Dark Auroral Oval on Saturn Discovered in Hubble Space Telescope Ultraviolet Images 1995Sci...269..951B

Quemerais, E., Sandel, B. R., Lallement, R., Bertaux, J.-L. A new source of Lyα emission detected by Voyager UVS: heliospheric or galactic origin? 1995A&A...299..249Q

Vervack, R. J., Jr., et al. Jupiter's He 584 Å Dayglow: New Results 1995Icar..114..163V

Ben Jaffel, L., et al. New analysis of the Voyager UVS H Lyman-alpha emission of Saturn 1995Icar..113...91B

Beauchamp, P. M., et al. Pluto integrated camera spectrometer (PICS) instrument1995AcAau..35...99B

Beauchamp, P. M., et al. Pluto Integrated Camera Spectrometer (PICS) instrument.1995AcAau..35S..99B

Quemerais, E., Bertaux, J.-L., Sandel, B. R., Lallement, R. A new measurement of the interplanetary hydrogen density with ALAE/ATLAS 1 1994A&A...290..941Q

De Carlo, F., et al. Description and analysis of an algorithm for star identification, pointing, and tracking systems 1994OptEn..33.2738D

de Toma, G., Vervack, R. J., Sandel, B. R., Stalio, R. Voyager Extreme Ultraviolet Solar Spectra during 1981-1993 1994SoPh..152..315D

Kozlowski, R. W. H., et al. Moon based global field airglow: For Artemis or any common Lunar Lander 1994AdSpR..14..177K

Herbert, F., Sandel, B. R. The Uranian aurora and its relationship to the magnetosphere 1994JGR....99.4143H

Sandel, B. R., Broadfoot, A. L. Solar spectrograph design concept for occultation and solar flux measurements in the solar system 1993OptEn..32.3112S

Sandel, B. R., Broadfoot, A. L., Stalio, R. UVSTAR: an imaging spectrograph with telescope for the shuttle Hitchhiker-M platform 1993OptEn..32.3009S

Stalio, R., Sandel, B. R., Broadfoot, A. L., Chavez, M. UVSTAR, a spectrographic telescope for the shuttle Hitchhiker-M bridge 1993AdSpR..13..379S

Dessler, A. J., Sandel, B. R. “Comment on ‘System III variations in apparent distance of Io plasma torus from Jupiter’”] 1993GeoRL..20.2489D

Dessler, A. J., Sandel, B. R., Barbosa, D. D. Comment on the paper "system III variations in apparent distance of IO plasma Torus from Jupiter" 1993GeoRL..20.2487D

Hatfield, D. B., Sandel, B. R. Diagnostic and quality-assurance tools for low-contrast images obtained from array detectors 1993ApOpt..32.5056H

Yelle, R. V., et al. The distribution of hydrocarbons in Neptune's upper atmosphere1993Icar..104...38Y

Bertaux, J.-L., Quémerais, E., Goutail, F., Kockarts, G., Sandel, B. Observations of atomic deuterium in the mesosphere from ATLAS 1 with ALAE Instrument1993GeoRL..20..507B

Krasnopolsky, V. A., Sandel, B. R., Herbert, F., Vervack, R. J. Temperature, N2, and N density profiles of Triton's atmosphere - Observations and model1993JGR....98.3065K

Schulze, D. W., Sandel, B. R., Broadfoot, A. L. Multilayer mirrors and filters for imaging the earth's inner magnetosphere 1993OptEn..32..182S

Smith, P. L., Sandel, B. R., Holberg, J. B. Using the Voyager Spacecraft for Solar EUV Spectral Radiometry 1993Metro..30..397S

Drake, V. A., Sandel, B. R., Jenkins, D. G., Hsieh, K. C. The transmittance of Al/C foils at 1216 Å 1992NIMPB..72..153D

Dessler, A. J., Sandel, B. R. System III variations in apparent distance of Io plasma torus from Jupiter 1992GeoRL..19.2099D

Krasnopolsky, V. A., Sandel, B. R., Herbert, F. Properties of haze in the atmosphere of Triton 1992JGR....9711695K

Bishop, J., et al. Voyager 2 ultraviolet spectrometer solar occultations at Neptune - Constraints on the abundance of methane in the stratosphere 1992JGR....9711681B

Pryor, W. R., et al. The Galileo and Pioneer Venus ultraviolet spectrometer experiments - Solar Lyman-alpha latitude variation at solar maximum from interplanetary Lyman-alpha observations 1992ApJ...394..363P

Broadfoot, A. L., Sandel, B. R. Application of the intensified CCD to airglow and auroral measurements 1992ApOpt..31.3097B

Broadfoot, A. L., et al. Panchromatic spectrograph with supporting monochromatic imagers 1992ApOpt..31.3083B

Hord, C. W., et al. Galileo Ultraviolet Spectrometer experiment 1992SSRv...60..503H

Lallement, R., Bertaux, J. L., Chassefiere, E., Sandel, B. Interplanetary Lyman-alpha observations with UVS on Voyager - Data, first analysis, implications for the ionization lifetime 1991A&A...252..385L

Herbert, F., Sandel, B. R. CH4 and haze in Triton's lower atmosphere1991JGR....9619241H

Hord, C. W., et al. Galileo ultraviolet spectrometer experiment - Initial Venus and interplanetary cruise results 1991Sci...253.1548H

Hsieh, K. C., Sandel, B. R., Drake, V. A., King, R. S. Lyman a transmittance of thin C and Si/C foils for keV particle detectors 1991NIMPB..61..187H

Yang, Y. S., Dessler, A. J., Sandel, B. R. Is System IV independent of System III?1991JGR....96.3819Y

Herbert, F., Sandel, B. R. CH4 and haze in Triton's lower atmosphere1991JGRS...9619241H

Dessler, A. J., Sandel, B. R., Vasyliunas, V. M. Terrestrial cometary tail and lunar corona induced by small comets - Predictions for Galileo 1990GeoRL..17.2257D

Strobel, D. F., Summers, M. E., Herbert, F., Sandel, B. R. The photochemistry of methane in the atmosphere of Triton 1990GeoRL..17.1729S

Parkinson, C. D., et al. He 584 A dayglow at Neptune 1990GeoRL..17.1709P

Sandel, B. R., Herbert, F., Dessler, A. J., Hill, T. W. Aurora and airglow on the night side of Neptune 1990GeoRL..17.1693S

Broadfoot, A. L., et al. Ultraviolet spectrometer observations of Neptune and Triton1989Sci...246.1459B

Yang, Y. S., Dessler, A. J., Sandel, B. R. Erratum: "Reply" -[J. Geophys. Res., 94, 7013 (1989)] 1989JGR....9417311Y

Dessler, A. J., Sandel, B. R. A quiescent magnetosphere for Neptune1989GeoRL..16..957D

Dessler, A. J., Sandel, B. R. Reply 1989JGR....94.7013D

Waite, J. H., Jr., et al. Superthermal electron processes in the upper atmosphere of Uranus - Aurora and electroglow 1988JGR....9314295W

Sandel, B. R., Dessler, A. J. Dual periodicity of the Jovian magnetosphere1988JGR....93.5487S

Chassefiere, E., et al. A new estimate of interstellar helium parameters from measurements of Voyager 1/2 ultraviolet spectrometers 1988A&A...199..304C

King, R. A., Broadfoot, A. L., Sandel, B. R., Jones, A. V. Correcting image distortion with fiber-optic tapers 1988ApOpt..27.2048K

Donahue, T. M., Gombosi, T. I., Sandel, B. R. Cometesimals in the inner solar system1987Natur.330..548D

Yelle, R. V., Sandel, B. R., Broadfoot, A. L., McConnell, J. C. The dependence of electroglow on the solar flux 1987JGR....9215110Y

Herbert, F., et al. The upper atmosphere of Uranus - EUV occultations observed by Voyager 2 1987JGR....9215093H

Herbert, F., Sandel, B. R., Broadfoot, A. L. Observations of the Jovian UV aurora by Voyager 1987JGR....92.3141H

Broadfoot, A. L., et al. Ultraviolet spectrometer observations of Uranus1987AdSpR...7..259B

Sandel, B. R., Broadfoot, A. L. Statistical performance of the intensified charged coupled device 1986ApOpt..25.4135S

Sandel, B. R., Collins, D. F., Broadfoot, A. L. Effect of phosphor persistence on photometry with image intensifiers and integrating readout devices1986ApOpt..25.3697S

Yelle, R. V., Sandel, B. R., Shemansky, D. E., Kumar, S. Altitude variation of EUV emissions and evidence for proton precipitation at low latitudes in the Saturnian atmosphere 1986JGR....91.8756Y

Broadfoot, A. L., et al. Ultraviolet spectrometer observations of Uranus1986Sci...233...74B

Yelle, R. V., Sandel, B. R. Uranian H Ly-alpha emission - The interstellar wind source1986GeoRL..13...89Y

Sandel, B. R. Book Review: Physics of the Jovian Magnetosphere. (Edited by Dessler, A.J.) Cambridge University Press, 1983, 544 pp., U.S. $29.50 1985P&SS...33..251S

Smith, G. R., et al. Saturn's upper atmosphere from the Voyager 2 EUV solar and stellar occultations 1983JGR....88.8667S

Sandel, B. R., McConnell, J. C., Strobel, D. F. Eddy diffusion at Saturn's homopause1982GeoRL...9.1077S

Sandel, B. R., Broadfoot, A. L. Discovery of an Io-correlated energy source for Io's hot plasma torus 1982JGR....87.2231S

Smith, G. R., et al. Titan's upper atmosphere - Composition and temperature from the EUV solar occultation results 1982JGR....87.1351S

McConnell, J. C., et al. A new look at the ionosphere of Jupiter in light of the UVS occultation results 1982P&SS...30..151M

Sandel, B. R., et al. Extreme ultraviolet observations from the Voyager 2 encounter with Saturn 1982Sci...215..548S

Shemansky, D. E., Sandel, B. R. The injection of energy into the Io plasma torus1982JGR....87..219S

Sandel, B. R., Broadfoot, A. L. Io's hot plasma torus - A synoptic view from Voyager1982JGR....87..212S

Broadfoot, A. L., et al. Overview of the Voyager ultraviolet spectrometry results through Jupiter encounter 1981JGR....86.8259B

Sandel, B. R., Broadfoot, A. L. Morphology of Saturn's aurora 1981Natur.292..679S

Festou, M. C., et al. Composition and thermal profiles of the Jovian upper atmosphere determined by the Voyager ultraviolet stellar occultation experiment1981JGR....86.5715F

Broadfoot, A. L., et al. Extreme ultraviolet observations from Voyager 1 encounter with Saturn 1981Sci...212..206B

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